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ICANN 2018 LAC Year in Review Report Shows Engagement Growth

MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 8 March 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published the 2018 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) Year in Review report [PDF, 5.28 MB] detailing the contributions and achievements of ICANN's LAC community. Compiled by ICANN organization's LAC regional team, the Report highlights growth last year made possible by collaboration with the regional and global community.

In 2018, the LAC community participated in programs key to implementation of our renewed five-year LAC Strategy, our roadmap for regional outreach. Today, initiatives like the Virtual DNS Entrepreneurship Center for the Caribbean (VDECC), post-ICANN Public Meeting readouts, and the LAC-i-Roadshows are actively engaging hundreds of new stakeholders in the LAC region in ICANN's ecosystem.

In 2018, the LAC team prioritized providing regional stakeholders with tools to facilitate greater participation in ICANN's policy development processes (PDPs) and other policy discussions. The Report outlines a number of new projects launched with that goal in mind, including improved sessions on PDPs at ICANN meetings and the LAC PDP Experiences series.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."