Skip to main content

ICANN Releases its Third Report on Global Legislative and Regulatory Developments

31 January 2019 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) has released its third report on global legislative and regulatory developments [PDF, 403 KB], highlighting a limited list of recent and pending legislative and regulatory initiatives on privacy/data protection and cybersecurity across the world. The report is a continuation of the initiative launched last year to identify legislative efforts across the globe early-on, to raise awareness within ICANN, and consider potential impacts.

Moving forward, the global legislative and regulatory developments reports will be published three times a year, parallel to the publishing of the ICANN Organization Report to the Board.

We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who has provided feedback on the previous two reports. We look forward to hearing from you about any high-impact developments in the e-privacy and cybersecurity ecosystem that should be tracked in future reports. You can send your comments and/or information about new developments in your region to trackingfeedback@icann.org.

About ICANN

ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique, so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world.


More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."