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ICANN Releases its Second Report on Global Legislative and Regulatory Developments

ISTANBUL - 30 August 2018 - The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published today the second report [PDF, 214 KB] l highlighting a limited list of recent and pending legislative and regulatory initiatives on privacy/data protection and cybersecurity across the world. The report is a continuation of the initiative launched earlier this April, to identify legislative efforts across the globe early-on to raise awareness within ICANN and consider potential impacts, including how these legislative initiatives may have unintended consequences, which may be avoided.

As a result of the community discussions over the past year or so leading up to the GDPR going into full effect, ICANN CEO and President Göran Marby committed to identify key legislative efforts around the globe while in their earlier stages. To this end, ICANN org initiated reporting efforts on global legislative and regulatory developments during the third quarter of FY18. The first report [PDF, 97 KB] was a limited list of some recent legislative and regulatory initiatives around the world that relate to privacy/data protection and cybersecurity issues and that could impact ICANN's mission, operations or issues within ICANN's remit. It was the first product of a realization that ICANN, as both an org and a community, must pay closer attention to potential legislative efforts of interest across the world.

The initial report received wide attention with a viewership of over six hundred unique visits. The community feedback on the report was positive, which paved the way for the continuation of the report on a quarterly basis. We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who has reviewed and provided feedback on the first report.

We look forward to hearing from you about any high-impact developments in the e-privacy and cybersecurity ecosystem that should be tracked in future reports. You can send your comments and/or information about new developments in your region to


ICANN's mission is to help ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique, so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation and a community with participants from all over the world.

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."