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ICANN 启动性别多样性和参与调查

洛杉矶——2017 年 6 月 12 日——互联网名称与数字地址分配机构 (The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN) 现宣布启动一项调查,确定 ICANN 社群中对性别多样性的看法,并找出潜在的参与壁垒。本调查旨在回应社群就这一主题提出获取更多数据的要求,针对社群对多样性的讨论提供信息。

我们尝试澄清人们对多样性、平等性、领导人和包容性的看法。我们还希望理解像家族性责任等这类壁垒到底起到了何种作用。现诚邀所有社群成员与我们分享看法——请花 10 分钟时间填写调查:

本调查将于 7 月 8 日结束。调查回复将采取匿名形式,并将按照 ICANN 隐私政策进行使用。本调查现提供以下语种版本:阿拉伯语、汉语、英语、法语、葡萄牙语、俄语和西班牙语。



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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."