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GNSO 编制的在所有通用顶级域 (gTLD) 中保护国际政府间组织 (IGO)/国际非政府间组织 (INGO) 标识符的共识性政策建议的拟定推行方案

评议开放日期: 2017 年 5 月 17 日 截止日期: 2017 年 7 月 10 日
发起组织: 全球域名分部
  • 顶级域
  • 二级域
  • 签约方协议
  • 政策制定
简介: 现针对在所有通用顶级域 (generic Top Level Domains, gTLD) 中保护国际政府间组织 ( International Governmental Organizations, IGO)/国际非政府间组织 (International Non-Governmental Organizations, INGO) 标识符的共识性政策建议的拟定推行方案启动公共评议期,旨在搜集社群对这一方案的意见。具体来说,这套拟定方案仅限于 ICANN 董事会于 2014 年 4 月 30 日通过的共识性政策建议,这些建议符合政府咨询委员会 (Governmental Advisory Committee, GAC) 就这个主题提交的建议。这些建议涉及红十字会/红新月会运动 (Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement, RCRC)、国际奥利匹克委员会 (International Olympic Committee, IOC)、某些国际政府间组织 (IGO) 和非政府间组织 (INGO) 的某些具体名称的顶级域和二级域保护。拟定推行方案并未解决红十字会 (Red Cross) 或国际政府间组织 (IGO) 的缩写问题,ICANN 董事会、政府咨询委员会 (GAC) 和通用名称支持组织 (Generic Names Supporting Organization, GNSO) 对这一问题正在进行讨论

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."