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Issues Report - ccNSO PDP Retirement and Review Mechanism

Open Date: 24 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Country code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)
Categories/Tags: Policy Development, Security/Stability, ISO 3166, country code Top-Level Domains, review mechanisms
Brief Overview:
  • The ccNSO Council initiated the third ccNSO Policy Development Process (PDP) at its meeting in Copenhagen during ICANN58. As part of the launching process feed-back, comment and input is sought on the issues as defined in the Issues Report.
  • After closure of the public comment period the input received will be collated by the ccNSO PDP Issue Manager in a Comments Report which will then be provided to the ccNSO PDP Working Group (WG) on the retirement of ccTLDs and – later – to the ccNSO PDP WG to develop a review mechanism pertaining to delegation, transfer, revocation and retirement decisions.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."