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Proposed Implementation of GNSO Consensus Policy Recommendations for the Protection of IGO&INGO Identifiers in All gTLDs

Open Date: 17 May 2017 Close Date: 10 July 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division
  • Top-Level Domains
  • Second-Level Domains
  • Contracted Party Agreements
  • Policy Development
Brief Overview: This public comment forum is intended to gather community feedback on the proposed implementation of consensus policy recommendations governing the protection of identifiers for International Governmental Organizations (IGOs) and International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) in all generic Top Level Domains (gTLDs). Specifically, this proposed implementation is limited to those Consensus Policy recommendations adopted by the ICANN Board on 30 April 2014, which were not inconsistent with the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC) advice received on the topic. These recommendations relate to protection at the top- and second-level for certain specific names of the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement (RCRC), the International Olympic Committee (IOC), certain IGOs, and INGOs. This implementation does not address Red Cross or IGO acronyms, which are under discussion by the ICANN Board, the GAC, and the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO).

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."