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Release of Country and Territory Names within the .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS TLDs

Open Date: 8 May 2017 Close Date: 20 June 2017
Originating Organization: Global Domains Division
Categories/Tags:
  • Top-Level Domains
  • Second-Level Domains
  • Contracted Party Agreements
  • Security/Stability
Brief Overview:

Five (5) Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP) requests were submitted by the registry operators listed below to allow the release of country and territory names for the below TLDs. In total, the requests concern six (6) new gTLDs.

Proposal TLD Registry Name Documents
2017008 .PIONEER Pioneer Corporation Pioneer Corporation Requested 03 March 2017
2017007 .FUJITSU Fujitsu Limited Fujitsu Limited Requested 03 March 2017
2017004 .OBI OBI Group Holding SE & Co. KGaA OBI Group Holding SE & Co. KgaA Requested 17 February 2017
2016022 .SHARP Sharp Corporation Sharp Corporation Requested 29 April 2016
2016021 .TOYOTA and .LEXUS TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION Requested 29 April 2016

Currently, the .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS Registry Agreements require country and territory names contained in specific internationally recognized lists to be withheld from registration or allocated to the registry operator at all levels.

As required by the RSEP, ICANN has undertaken a preliminary determination on whether these RSEP proposals might raise significant competition, security or stability issues. ICANN's preliminary review (based on the information provided) did not identify any such issues.

Following ICANN's preliminary determination that the proposals do not raise significant competition, security or stability issues, it was further determined that the change would require a material change to the respective Registry Agreements and that an amendment is needed in order to effect the change.

The proposed amendments, which are being posted for comment, would allow the registration of country and territory names at all levels in .PIONEER, .FUJITSU, .OBI, .SHARP, .TOYOTA, and .LEXUS. It should be noted that Specification 13 has been granted for .PIONEER on 16 July 2015, .FUJITSU on 30 July 2015, .OBI on 25 September 2014, .SHARP on 03 September 2015, and .TOYOTA and .LEXUS on 23 April 2015.

Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/ctn-release-tlds-2017-05-08-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."