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Deferral of Country Code Names Supporting Organization Review

Open Date: 6 April 2017 Close Date: 19 May 2017
Originating Organization: Multi Stakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives
Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvements
Brief Overview:

The ccNSO Review, scheduled to start in August 2017, is proposed to be deferred by 12 months, in response to community concerns about bandwidth.

As per ICANN's Bylaws, Article 4, Section 4.4 (a), organizational reviews, such as the ccNSO Review, 'shall be conducted no less frequently than every five years, based on feasibility as determined by the Board.'

The Final Report of the previous ccNSO Review was submitted to the Board on 4 March 2011. Following an initial deferral, due to the IANA Transition, the ICANN Board, based on explicit feedback from the ccNSO Chair, proposes to defer the upcoming ccNSO Review until August 2018.

The ccNSO will use the time until the start of the next ccNSO Review to conduct an evaluation of the implementation status of the recommendations that arose from the previous Review.

Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/ccnso-review-deferral-2017-04-06-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."