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ICANN Board Adopts Updated Five-Year Operating Plan, and FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

The ICANN Board adopted the updated ICANN Five Year Operating Plan, and the ICANN FY17 Operating Plan and Budget in June 2016 at ICANN56 in Helsinki, Finland.

These plans are the result of several months of collaborative work by the community, staff and Board Finance Committee members, and include:

  • Highlights of all ICANN operations
  • Overview of the Internet Authority Numbers Authority (IANA) Stewardship Transition and Implementation
  • Overview of ICANN's FY17 budget
  • Detailed FY17 operating plan
  • Detailed portfolios of planned activities that support the goals and objectives described in the ICANN Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2016–2020 and the updated Five-Year Operating Plan
  • Detailed list of projects for each portfolio, with project-level budgeted costs
  • Summary of changes from Draft FY17 Operating Plan and Budget

The community's continuously increasing participation in the planning process is a cornerstone of ICANN's transparency and accountability to the public. ICANN thanks all community members who contributed to the development of the budget.

Budget documents for FY17 and previous years are published here.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."