Skip to main content

The Internet Academy Lecture Project in Poland Kicks Off

The Internet Academy is offering free lectures on various Internet-related topics for anyone who is interested in the Internet.

ICANN is supporting this project, which assembles Polish experts on the internet. The project is endorsed by and operates under the Auspices of the Polish Ministry for Digitization.

Learn more:

We hope to see you there!


Time: 17:30–19:30
Place: University of Warsaw University (BUW), ul. Dobra 56/66, room 25

19 April 2016

Managing the Web Presence
Dr. Kamil Sitarski, Faculty of Management, Warsaw University of Technology

Human Rights on the Internet
Dr. Joanna Kulesza, Department of International Law and International Relations, Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Lodz

10 May 2016

Shutting Down a Power Station Through the Internet: A Case Study from the Ukranian-Russian War
Miroslaw Maj, Cybersecurity Foundation

Online Violations of the Employee's Privacy and the Secrecy of Correspondence
Artur Piechocki, AP Law Firm

24 May 2016

.berlin, .auto, .fish, .money. New Top-Level Domains on the Internet: How They Are Created, When and How to Obtain Your Own
Gabriella Schittek, Manager of Global Stakeholder Engagement, ICANN

"I Have Nothing to Hide." Is Your Privacy Worth Protecting?
Michal "Czesiek" Czyzewski, Warsaw Hackerspace

7 June 2016

Protection of Intellectual Property Rights on the Internet
Michal Chodorek, KONDRAT & Partners

Is the Internet Centrally Controlled? How the Web Is Centralized and How to Decentralize It Again
Michal "Rysiek" Wozniak, Polish Linux Users Group

More Announcements
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."