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Release of Country and Territory Names within the .STUDY, .COURSES, .LAMBORGHINI, XN--3OQ18VL8PN36A, .VOLKSWAGEN, .BUGATTI, .AUDI and .DELTA TLDs

Forum Announcement: Public Comment Period opens on Date: 15 December 2015
  • Top-Level Domains
  • Second-Level Domains
  • Contracted Party Agreements
  • Security/Stability
Purpose (Brief):

Eight (8) Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP) requests were submitted by the registry operators listed below to allow the release of country and territory names for the below TLDs. In total, the requests concern 8 New gTLDs.



Registry Name




Delta Air Lines, Inc.

Delta Air Lines, Inc. Request 2 November 2015



AUDI Aktiengesellschaft

AUDI Aktiengesellschaft Request 8 October 2015



Bugatti International SA

Bugatti International SA Request 8 October 2015



Volkswagen Group of America Inc.

Volkswagen Group of America Inc. Request 8 October 2015



Volkswagen (China) Investment Co., Ltd.

Volkswagen (China) Investment Co., Ltd. Request 8 October 2015



Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A

Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A Request 8 October 2015



Open Universities Australia Pty Ltd

Open Universities Australia Pty Ltd Request 1 October 2015



Open Universities Australia Pty Ltd

Open Universities Australia Pty Ltd Request 11 September 2015

Currently, .STUDY, .COURSES, .LAMBORGHINI, XN--3OQ18VL8PN36A, .VOLKSWAGEN, .BUGATTI, .AUDI and .DELTA Registry Agreements require country and territory names contained in specific internationally recognized lists to be withheld from registration or allocated to the registry operator at all levels.

As required by the RSEP, ICANN has undertaken a preliminary determination on whether these RSEP proposals might raise significant competition, security or stability issues. ICANN’s preliminary review (based on the information provided) did not identify any such issues.

Following ICANN’s preliminary determination that the proposals do not raise significant competition, security or stability issues, it was further determined that the change would require a material change to the respective Registry Agreements and that an amendment is needed in order to effect the change.

The proposed amendments, which are being posted for comment, would allow the registration of country and territory names at all levels in .STUDY, .COURSES, .LAMBORGHINI, XN--3OQ18VL8PN36A, .VOLKSWAGEN, .BUGATTI, .AUDI and .DELTA TLDs. It should be noted that Specification 13 has been granted for .LAMBORGHINI on 2 June 2015,  Specification 13 has been granted for XN--3OQ18VL8PN36A on 2 July 2015, Specification 13 has been granted for .VOLKSWAGEN on 14 May 2015, Specification 13 has been granted for .BUGATTI on 23 July 2015, Specification 13 has been granted for .AUDI on 21 May 2015, and Specification 13 has been granted for .DELTA on 19 February 2015, whereas Registry Agreements for .STUDY and .COURSES do not include Specification 13 provisions in place.
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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."