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ICANN 53 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers' (ICANN) Fellowship program seeks participants from developing countries interested in the stable and secure operation of the Internet's unique identifier system. The goals of the Fellowship Program are to help broaden the base of knowledgeable constituents engaged in ICANN's Multistakeholder process and to encourage the participation of new voices from around the world.

ICANN's current application round seeks prospective candidates for the June 2015 ICANN Meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The application process closes on 16 January 2015, with successful candidates announced on the ICANN website on 6 March 2015.

For more information about the Fellowship Program or about how to apply, visit ICANN's Fellowship Program page here.

About the Fellowship Program:

Since its creation in 2007, the Fellowship Program has built a strong database of individuals who are active participants within ICANN communities, as well as within various Internet governance organizations. Their engagement includes writing articles and blogs, providing online or in-person public comments about bottom-up policy development, engaging in Internet conferences and discussions, mentoring Newcomers and assisting ICANN's regional leaders. These activities lead to Fellows becoming leaders themselves, who are committed to preserving and enhancing the operational stability, reliability, security, and global interoperability of the Internet.


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."