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ICANN Opens Public Comment Period on GNR Proposal

On 2 October 2006, ICANN posted for public information a proposal submitted through the Registry Request Service by Global Name Registry, Ltd for the limited release of two-character names under Appendix K of the .NAME Registry Agreement and the Registry Services Evaluation Policy. ICANN has made a preliminary determination that the GNR proposal requires further consideration by the Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel (RSTEP) because ICANN does not have sufficient information to determine whether the issues raised in RFC 1535 (see http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc1535.txt), as well as similar issues not directly described in RFC 1535, are significant enough to prevent the limited release of two-character names in .NAME. Accordingly, today ICANN has referred the proposal to the RSTEP.

Under the terms of the Policy, the RSTEP shall have 45 calendar days from the referral, until 4 December 2006, to prepare a written report regarding the proposed Registry Service's effect on security and stability, which report (along with a summary of any public comments) shall be forwarded to the ICANN Board. The report shall set forward the opinions of the RSTEP, including, but not limited to, a detailed statement of the analysis, reasons, and information upon which the panel has relied in reaching their conclusions, along with the response to any specific questions that were included in the referral from ICANN staff.

A public comment period will remain open until 5:00 PM PDT/ California, 20 November 2006. Public comments will be available for consideration by the RSTEP and the ICANN Board.

Documents related to the GNR proposal are available here:

Comments can be posted to: gnr-proposal-comments@icann.org

Comments can be viewed at: http://forum.icann.org/lists/gnr-proposal-comments/


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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."