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Community Dialogues on Consumer Safeguards

LOS ANGELES – 28 January 2019 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published a recording of a recent discussion on consumer safeguards in the Domain Name System (DNS). The recording, presentation [PDF, 1.0 MB], and supplementary documents are now available.

The meeting, held on 11 January 2019, in Washington, D.C., was intended to gauge local interest in holding a community-wide dialogue on consumer safeguards topics, such as DNS infrastructure abuse, at a future ICANN meeting. Nearly 50 ICANN community members participated and concluded that a sub-group of the participants should attempt to draft an agenda for a community-wide dialogue at a future ICANN meeting.

If you have additional input on these topics as well as the safeguards summary document, please send it to Jamie Hedlund, Senior Vice President for Contractual Compliance & Consumer Safeguards at, or Bryan Schilling, Consumer Safeguards Director at


ICANN’s mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."