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ICANN’s Report on the Five Years of the LAC Strategy Highlight Increased Regional Engagement

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MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay – 4 December 2018 – Today, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) published "Five Years of the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) Strategy," [PDF, 6.91 MB] highlighting the milestones achieved by the LAC community.

The LAC region's participation in ICANN processes grew tremendously in the last five years. What started as few stakeholder meetings during ICANN Public Meetings, grew into formalized sessions during those meetings, including the LAC Space and the newly formed LAC Session on PDPs. Similarly, the level of awareness about ICANN improved significantly, due to regional events and outreach efforts that encouraged the participation of new voices in the region.

Contributions from LAC community members opened the path for the creation of initiatives like Centro de Emprendimiento e Internet de América Latina y el Caribe and Virtual DNS Entrepreneurship Center for the Caribbean, and the establishment of LAC regional office in Montevideo, Uruguay. As a result, the vibrant regional community continues to grow and participate in ICANN processes.

The ICANN org LAC team would like to thank all the community members who contributed to the development of the strategy 2013-2017. Learn more about the LAC Strategy for 2018-2020 here [PDF, 1.41 MB].

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."