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Draft PTI and IANA FY20 Operating Plan and Budgets

Open Date: 28 September 2018 Close Date: 12 November 2018
Originating Organization: Finance
Categories/Tags:
  • Operations/Finance
  • Accountability/Transparency
Brief Overview:

Focusing on ICANN's commitment to the multistakeholder model, ICANN Organization seeks public comment on the operating plan and budgets for delivering the IANA functions. This is comprised of two components — the Draft FY20 Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) Operating Plan and Budget and the Draft FY20 IANA Operating Plan and Budget. The PTI Operating Plan and Budget outlines the activities to deliver the core IANA functions and associated operational activities to enhance systems and processes. The IANA Operating Plan and Budget is comprised of these PTI activities, plus additional programs and costs associated with overseeing and delivering the IANA functions performed by ICANN in its role as the IANA Functions Operator that are not borne directly by PTI.

ICANN seeks structured feedback on the plans described in these documents.

Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/pti-iana-fy20-2018-09-28-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."