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Short-Term Options to Adjust the Timeline for Specific Reviews

Open Date: 14 May 2018 Close Date: 6 July 2018
Originating Organization: Multistakeholder Strategy and Strategic Initiatives (MSSI)
Categories/Tags: Reviews/Improvements, Accountability and Transparency Review, Registration Directory Service Review
Brief Overview: This public comment proceeding proposes short-term options pertaining to current reviews to address the workload of the volunteer community and impact on ICANN resources. Specifically, the aim of this public comment proceeding is to invite feedback on options on whether and how to adjust the timeline for two Specific Reviews to alleviate existing strain on volunteer and ICANN resources. The two reviews for consideration for short-term options are the third Accountability and Transparency Review (ATRT3) and the second Registration Directory Service Review (RDS-WHOIS2).
Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/specific-reviews-short-term-timeline-2018-05-14-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."