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ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan and Budget, and Five-Year Operating Plan Update

Open Date: 8 March 2017 Close Date: 28 April 2017
Originating Organization: ICANN
Categories/Tags: Operations/Finance
Brief Overview: Focusing on ICANN's commitment to the multistakeholder model, ICANN's Draft FY18 Operating Plan & Budget and an associated update to the Five-Year Operating Plan are provided for community discussion and public comment. ICANN seeks structured feedback on the plan described in these two linked documents. These documents incorporate refinements on previous years based on regular interaction with the ICANN Community and reflect FY17's planned accomplishments towards the Five-Year Strategic Plan, which was adopted by the Board in October 2014.
Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/fy18-budget-2017-03-08-en

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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."