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IDN TLDs - LGR‬ Procedure Implementation - Guidelines for Designing Script-Specific Label Generation Rules (LGR) - Now Open for Public Comment

Forum Announcement: Comment Period Opens on Date: 15 January 2015
Categories/Tags: Internationalized Domain Names, IDN, IDN TLD, IDN Variant TLD, new gTLD, IDN ccTLD
Purpose (Brief):

ICANN is releasing for public comments a set of documents that present an overview of the tasks of a Generation Panel. These include:

  • Guidelines [PDF, 946 KB] and Considerations [PDF, 193 KB] for designing script-specific Label Generation Rules (LGR) for integration into the root zone,
  • A summary of the Requirements [PDF, 198 KB] on format and contents for submitting an LGR proposal.

The overview and guidelines are based on the prescription in the "Procedure to Develop and Maintain Label Generation Rules (LGR) for the Root Zone With Respect to IDN Labels" [PDF, 772 KB] (the Procedure) and are intended to supplement the Procedure, not to replace it as the authoritative prescription of the process. Community members are invited to provide feedback.

Public Comment Box Link: https://www.icann.org/public-comments/lgr-guidelines-2015-01-15-en

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."