Public Comment

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Name: Business Constituency
Date: 19 Jun 2023
Are you providing input on behalf of a group (e.g., ICANN community group, organization, company, government)?
Yes

If yes, please explain.

The attached PDF is the comment of the ICANN Business Constituency (BC).

Please indicate your response to Preliminary Recommendation 1.1
Support Recommendation as written
Are there any comments or issues you would like to raise pertaining to the Rationale for Preliminary Recommendation 1.1? If yes, please provide your comments here.

 The BC fully supports that the RZ-LGR be the sole source for examining applied-for IDN TLD and its variant(s). This is consistent with the IDN implementation guideline and meets community expectations. 

Please indicate your response to Preliminary Recommendation 2.1
Support Recommendation intent with wording change
If you support the intent of Preliminary Recommendation 2.1 but think it requires a wording change, please provide your revised wording and reason here.

The BC fully supports that “same entity” rule. This is consistent with previous BC's position issued on 17-Sep-2018. BC further emphasizes that the “same entity” rule should also apply to 2nd-level registration to ensure registrant protection i.e. variant of IDN.IDN should delegate to the same entity to protect registrant and the overall Internet users.

BC further recommends that, given the conservatism principle emphasized in the report, no second-level registration shall be opened and allowed until phase 2 work is completed and adopted by the ICANN Board.

Are there any comments or issues you would like to raise pertaining to the Rationale for Preliminary Recommendation 2.1? If yes, please provide your comments here.

The BC fully supports that “same entity” rule. This is consistent with previous BC's position issued on 17-Sep-2018. BC further emphasizes that the “same entity” rule should also apply to 2nd-level registration to ensure registrant protection i.e. variant of IDN.IDN should delegate to the same entity to protect registrant and the overall Internet users.

BC further recommends that, given the conservatism principle emphasized in the report, no second-level registration shall be opened and allowed until phase 2 work is completed and adopted by the ICANN Board.

Other Comments

Adjustments in registry agreement, registry service, registry transition process, and other processes/procedures related to the domain name lifecycle

On Topic D, as well as the overall IDN variant TLD delegation, BC would like to provide the following high-level inputs.

First, BC remains concerned about variant's "ceiling value" rule (i.e. # of variant labels can be delegated to an applicant) which goes beyond the conservatism rule. BC does not support the proposed threshold of (up to) 4 variant labels to the existing IDN gTLD operators. BC believes that the orderly introduction of the IDN variant TLD should be based on experiences from the IDN ccTLD fast track in 2010 in which “provide for a new concept of “synchronised IDN ccTLDs that would allow for delegation of multiple labels that are considered equivalent”, as well as the 22-APRIL-2010’s ICANN Board resolution stating “... general and wide community support for the notion of simultaneously delegating this particular requested pair of IDN ccTLDs to meet the well understood needs of users of Chinese, namely that users accessing a domain expect that the traditional and simplified Chinese names have been assigned to the same registrant“.  

Furthermore, the BC does not support the fee waiver proposal for existing IDN ROs. The fee waiver, once introduced, will impact the financial health of the new gTLD program. Given various changes proposed in the evaluation process and likely an extended amount of workload and other resources to be performed, BC believes that this would create a greater cost and operational burden on ICANN.

Therefore, BC recommends that a reasonable fee structure of the existing IDN RO or future IDN gTLD applicant to apply variant string should be considered and designed based on the cost recovery principle.

BC also remains concerned about the proposed application priority given to existing IDN ROs if applying variant strings in the subsequent round. While BC has long supported giving priority to IDN applications, we do not recommend adding variant TLD application processing in the front of the application queue. BC believes that the variant application should be grouped with other IDN strings in the same batch or order. 


The BC believes that there will be new costs shouldered by business users registering variant IDN.IDN domain names. These costs may include fees for domain name registration, TMCH filing, and early access. Registrants will also incur costs for user education and for software updates to support IDN.IDN domain names in corporate IT systems. Some BC members express strong concerns that the variant IDN TLDs may end up like the singular / plural TLDs which already cause confusion among the business users and have a negative impact on the trust of the DNS.

BC strongly recommends that, until the issue of cost and registrant confusion are properly discussed and addressed, no variant IDN.IDN domain names should be introduced and allocated to the public

 

Summary of Attachment

The attached PDF explains the BC position and recommendations on this initial report.

This comment was drafted by Ching Chiao.

It was approved in accordance with our Charter.

Summary of Submission

The BC thanks the IDN EPDP team for the Phase 1 Initial Report. Since the initial introduction of IDN at the 2nd level in 2000 to the delegation of IDN gTLDs in the 2012 round, the global Internet community has come a long way to complete this often delayed and much needed policy work. BC acknowledges and congratulates this significant development that helps promote linguistic diversity and overall usability of the DNS.

BC appreciates the hard work of the leadership team of EPDP, as well as several long-serving IDN experts around the world. The EPDP Team is seeking input on its 68 preliminary recommendations, which focus on Phase 1 questions included in the EPDP Team’s charter on the following topics:

●     Topic A: Consistent definition and technical use of Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR)

●     Topic B: “Same entity” at the top-level

●     Topic D: Adjustments in registry agreement, registry service, registry transition process, and other processes/procedures related to the domain name lifecycle

●     Topic E: Adjustments to string similarity review, objection process, string contention resolution, reserved strings, and other policies and procedures

The BC offers the attached comments and recommendations based on the above 4 topics.