ICANN Acronyms and Terms

ICANN has hundreds of acronyms and terms, which can be confusing. We created this multilingual tool to help explain what these terms mean and facilitate your work within the ICANN community.

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ICANN Acronyms and Terms

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In addition to English, translated versions of acronyms and terms are also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, and Spanish. Links for each language are located in the top right of the page.
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21-27 of 27 results

proxy service

A service provided by a third party that shields the identity of a customer by becoming the domain name’s holder of record. When the domain name is queried by a Registration Directory Service such as WHOIS, the identity and contact information for the proxy service is shown.

public and private key pair

A pair of cryptographic keys used to encrypt, decrypt, or digitally sign messages exchanged over the Internet. The private key is known only to the owner of the key pair. The public key is distributed to those parties with whom the key’s owner wants to exchange encrypted or digitally signed messages.

The Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) technology uses public-private cryptography to sign and validate query responses from authoritative name servers in the root zone. DNSSEC does not, however, encrypt the responses themselves.

Public Comment

A mechanism that gives the ICANN community and other stakeholders an opportunity to provide input and feedback. Public Comment is a key part of the policy development process, allowing for refinement of recommendations before further consideration and potential adoption. Public Comment is also used to guide implementation work, reviews, and operational activities of the ICANN organization.

Public Forum

A period of open discussion during an ICANN Public Meeting, where the ICANN community can speak directly with the ICANN Board of Directors. Public Forums are held during the Community Forum and the Annual General Meeting.

Public Responsibility Support(PRS)

The department within the ICANN organization that provides the community with support and tools to carry out public-responsibility activities that support ICANN’s mission. ICANN Fellowship and NextGen@ICANN are examples of PRS programs.

Public Technical Identifiers(PTI)

A non-profit organization that performs the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions. PTI is responsible for the operational aspects of coordinating the Internet’s unique identifiers and maintaining the trust of the community to provide these services in an unbiased, responsible, and effective manner.

PTI is an affiliate of ICANN that was created in 2016 when stewardship of the IANA functions transitioned to the multistakeholder community.