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Ébauche de Recommandations proposées par l'ATRT

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Ouverture: 3 novembre 2010
Clôture: 3 décembre 2010

Explications/Contexte: L'équipe d'examen de la responsabilité et de la transparence (Accountability and Transparency Review Team – ATRT) publie cette requête pour commentaire public sur l'ébauche d'un ensemble de propositions de recommandations [PDF, 592 Ko] développées dans le cadre de son observation de l'application par ICANN de ses engagements de responsabilité et de transparence sous l'Affirmation d'engagement (Affirmation of Commitments – AoC). ATRT doit fournir les recommandations finales au bureau ICANN avant le 31 décembre 2010.

La période de commentaires publics sera ouverte pendant 30 jours et se terminera le 3 décembre 2010. Selon l'AoC, l'ATRT doit prendre en compte les commentaires publics en réponse à cette ébauche de recommandations proposées avant de soumettre ses recommandations finales au Bureau. Ainsi, une période de commentaires publics de 30 jours donne à l'ATRT le temps suffisant pour prendre en compte les commentaires publics avant de donner ses recommandations finales au Bureau ICANN.

Membre du personnel responsable: Olof Nordling

Annonce | Commentaires | Résumé/analyse des commentaires

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."