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Rapport complémentaire initial sur le processus d'élaboration de politiques relatif aux procédures pour des séries ultérieures de nouveaux gTLD (questions générales et pistes de travail 1 à 4)

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Date d'ouverture : 30 octobre 2018 Date de clôture : 12 décembre 2018
Organisation à l'origine de la consultation : GNSO
Catégories/Étiquettes : Élaboration de politiques
Bref aperçu : Le présent appel à commentaires du public vise à obtenir des retours sur le Rapport complémentaire initial du groupe de travail sur le processus d'élaboration de politiques relatif aux procédures pour des séries ultérieures de nouveaux gTLD. Ce groupe de travail est chargé d'identifier d'éventuels changements ou ajouts à introduire dans les recommandations de politiques existantes relatives aux nouveaux gTLD. Le 3 juillet 2018, le groupe de travail a publié son premier rapport initial, contenant ses conclusions sur les questions générales ainsi que ses recommandations préliminaires et des questions adressées à la communauté concernant les pistes de travail 1 à 4. Ce rapport complémentaire porte sur d'autres questions qui aux yeux du groupe de travail méritaient des délibérations plus poussées.
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Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."