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欢迎来到 IANA 管理权移交微型网页。本网页汇聚了针对 2014 年 3 月 14 日美国国家电信和信息管理局 (NTIA) 公告和请求一题的讨论、贡献和合作信息。 ICANN 作为制定移交提案这一流程的召集人,现已提供了各类工具和资源以促进全球多利益相关方社群就这一话题进行讨论,提出观点和看法。 本微型网页将作为一个资源和信息共享的平台,为全体感兴趣的相关方服务;并作为 IANA 管理权移交协调小组 (ICG) 向全球利益相关方发布最新动态的主要渠道。


NTIA 公告于 2014 年 3 月 14 日发布后不久,ICANN 便启动了一套多利益相关方流程,讨论如何针对 NTIA 移交 IANA 职能管理权一题的原则和机制搜集社群的观点和建议。

在对社群制定的提案草案经过了长达一个月的意见征询后,ICANN 于 6 月 6 日发布了提案制定流程和后续步骤一文。

应广大社群要求,IANA 管理权移交协调小组 (ICG) 应运而生;该小组由各代表社群选出的人员组建而成。本小组中代表 13 个直接和间接利益相关方社群的 30 名成员将共同向 NTIA 提交一份提案,描述 NTIA 将 IANA 职能管理权移交给互联网社群的方案,并囊括 NTIA 在 3 月 14 日所发布公告中所描述的关键原则。ICG 将保持其透明度,并与广泛的利益相关方进行协商,确保最终建议能够支持维护 IANA 职能的安全性和稳定性。

如需查看 ICG 的最新动态,请点击协调小组页面。

ICG 发布《移交提案征询》后,社群制定提案的最新动态


号码资源 (CRISP 团队)

协议参数 (IANAPLAN 工作组)


ICANN 现已搜集了一系列的资源——包括视频、音频、信息图和其他文件资料——以帮助社群参与本流程。

A Holiday Message From Alissa Cooper, Chair of the ICG

ICANN 52 | Opening Ceremony

What you need to know about IANA

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."