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爱尔兰通信部部长宣布支持多利益相关方模型和 IANA 管理权移交

爱尔兰都柏林… 爱尔兰通信、能源和自然资源部部长艾利克斯·怀特 (Alex White) 于今日在 ICANN 第 54 届公共会议的开幕仪式上宣布爱尔兰支持互联网治理的多利益相关方模型和 IANA 管理权移交。本届会议于 10 月 18 日至 22 日在爱尔兰都柏林市召开。会议将全球的 ICANN 社群汇聚一堂,讨论有关互联网域名系统 (DNS) 的问题并制定政策。

"我对那些花费时间和精力积极参与多利益相关方流程的人们所做出的贡献表示赞赏。爱尔兰坚定地支持互联网治理的多利益相关方模型。"怀特部长指出。

ICANN 社群在都柏林召开会议,就影响 DNS 的一系列主题展开合作,具体包括:与 IANA 管理权移交相关的一系列提案。去年,美国政府宣布有意向全球多利益相关方社群移交其对互联网域名系统 (DNS) 的关键要素——IANA 职能——的管理权。

在开幕仪式上,部长表达了爱尔兰对美国政府所做的决定表示支持,并指出:"我认为......这一丰富多样而充满活力的社群必须在互联网的治理流程中拥有发言权。因而,我欢迎并赞赏美国政府所做的决定,给予社群发言权,促进移交工作,确立一套真正的互联网治理多利益相关方模型。"

ICANN 董事会主席史蒂芬·克罗格博士 (Stephen Crocker) 再次向社群承诺了董事会的持续支持,并指出:"本届会议,ICANN54,是一个重要的里程碑。我相信,终点就在前方。董事会已经完全团结起来,致力于促进支持社群工作的方方面面。我也衷心希望,我们都能积极地团结一致,互相尊重。"

ICANN 还在大会上宣布了"2015 领导精神奖"得主——亚美尼亚的互联网领军人、前 ICANN 英才计划学员茜拉奴斯·瓦丹央 (Siranush Vardanyan)。这一奖项旨在表彰全球互联网社群中积极承诺维护并促进多利益相关方模型的杰出人士。

如果您无法亲自参加 ICANN54,我们鼓励您通过远程方式参会。每节会议的远程参会详情请参见以下链接:https://meetings.icann.org/en/dublin54/schedule-full

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如需了解更多有关 ICANN54 都柏林会议的详情,请登录:
https://meetings.icann.org/en/dublin54

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媒体联系人

露娜·马蒂 (Luna Madi)
欧洲、中东和非洲地区传播主管
英国伦敦
电话:+44 7780947574
电子邮件:luna.madi@icann.org

詹姆士·科尔 (James Cole)
全球媒体协调人
华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
电话:+1 202 733 7598
电子邮件:james.cole@icann.org

ICANN 简介

ICANN 的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息,您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN 则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一标识符。如果缺乏这样的协调,我们全球统一的互联网也将不复存在。ICANN 成立于 1998 年。它是一家非营利性的公益型企业,其参与人员来自全球各地,均致力于确保互联网的安全性、稳定性和互用性。旨在促进互联网唯一标识符之间的竞争,并为其制定政策。ICANN 不负责互联网的内容管理。无法阻止垃圾邮件,也并不负责处理互联网的接入事务。但该组织通过对互联网域名系统的协调,对互联网的发展和演进有着重要的影响。如需了解更多信息,请参见:www.icann.org

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."