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美国法院对扣押ccTLD的申请判定无效: 联邦法官支持ICANN的意见

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美国联邦法院支持互联网名称与数字地址分配机构(ICANN)的意见,确定国家和 地区代码顶级域名(ccTLD)并非财产,不得被扣押。

本案原告曾递交《扣押令》申请从ICANN获取伊朗(.IR)、叙利亚(.SY)和北朝 鲜(.KP)的国家和地区代码顶级域名,(以及伊朗和叙利亚的非ASCII字符国际化 顶级域名),从而执行原告从美国法院获得的针对这些国家的判决。

ICANN向法院申请判定《扣押令》无效,并指出ICANN是域名系统(DNS)的技术协 调人,并辩称ccTLD不应被扣押。

ICANN总法律顾问兼秘书长约翰·杰弗里(John Jeffrey)指出:"我们非常欣慰 地看到法院判决支持了我们的立场,即ccTLD并非财产,不应被扣押。""本法院 判决显示了法院从技术上理解了域名系统,以及ccTLD在这个全球统一互用的互联 网中所扮演的角色。"

[PDF, 346 KB]

如需阅读美国联邦地区法院的判决原文,请点击此处: https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/order-memo-granting-motion-to-quash-writs-10nov14-en.pdf [PDF, 346 KB]

如需阅读ICANN提交的法律文件,请点击此处: https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/icann-various-2014-07-30-en

如需阅读《扣押令》原文,请点击此处: https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B_dOI5puxRA9M3hweE9Eel9mVTQ/edit?pli=1

媒体联系人

布拉德·怀特(Brad White)
北美地区传播主管
华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
电话:+1.202.570.7118
电子邮件:brad.white@icann.org

全球媒体协调人
华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
电话:+1.202.570.7139
电子邮件:james.cole@icann.org

ICANN简介

ICANN的使命在于确保全球互联网的稳定、安全与统一。在互联网上寻找另一个人的信息, 您必须在您的电脑中键入一个地址——可以是一个名称或是一串数字。这一地址必须是独 一无二的,只有这样电脑之间才能互相识别。ICANN则负责协调这些分布在全球各地的唯一 标识符。如果缺乏这样的协调,我们全球统一的互联网也将不复存在。ICANN成立于1998年。 它是一家非营利性的公益型企业,其参与人员来自全球各地,均致力于确保互联网的安全 性、稳定性和互用性。旨在促进互联网唯一标识符之间的竞争,并为其制定政策。ICANN不 负责互联网的内容管理。无法阻止垃圾邮件,也并不负责处理互联网的接入事务。但该组 织通过对互联网域名系统的协调,对互联网的发展和演进有着重要的影响。如需了解更多 信息,请参见:www.icann.org

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."