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Indian Center for DNS Security Announced

ICANN and CDAC Will Launch Research Center to Thwart Security Threats to Domain Name System

New Delhi, India… ICANN today announced, in partnership with the Center for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), plans to coordinate on the creation of a Center of Excellence in Domain Name System Security in India.

The Center of Excellence is anticipated to work alongside ICANN security staff to design research projects intended to solve critical Domain Name System (DNS) security issues, such as thwarting cyber attacks. The center is also envisioned to be home to a state-of-the-art research laboratory to evaluate and test security solutions.

"This center will play a central role in ensuring the security and stability of the Domain Name System," said Fadi Chehadé, ICANN President and Chief Executive Officer. "The Internet has become one of the world's most valued resources and it is deserves nothing less than full global cooperation and collaboration in developing concrete solutions to combat threats to the DNS."

Fadi Chehadé, along with Dr. Rajat Moona, Director General of CDAC, will sign a letter of intent regarding the building of the center during a signing ceremony at the Internet, Mobile & Digital Economy Conference (IMDEC) IMDEC is a conference organized by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) in association with the Ministry of Communications and IT. The topic of the conference is Internet to Equinet: Empowering a Billion OnLine". Minister Kapil Sibal, Indian Minister of Communications and Information Technology, will oversee the signing ceremony.

The Center for Development of Advanced Computing is the research and development arm of India's Department of Electronics and Information Technology, a part of India's Ministry of Communications & Information Technology.

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For more information about FICCI, please visit: http://www.ficci.com/events-page.asp?evid=21654

For more information about the Center for Development of Advanced Computing, please visit: http://cdac.in/

MEDIA CONTACTS:

James Cole
ICANN Global Media Coordinator
Washington, D.C.
Tel. +1 202.570.7240
james.cole@icann.org

Andrew Robertson
Edelman Public Relations
London, U.K.
Tel. + 44 (7811) 341 945
andrew.robertson@edelman.com

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."