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Whois 营销限制政策


《Whois 营销限制政策》对 ICANN《注册服务机构认证协议》中的第三方批量访问相关条款进行了修订。根据通用名称支持组织理事会的共识性政策建议并且经过 ICANN 董事会的批准,针对 RAA 中相关义务条款的以下修改将于 2004 年 11 月 12 日起正式生效。根据《注册服务机构授权协议》中共识性政策的条款(§4.1),自上述日期起,这些修订合同条款将适用于所有注册服务机构。不久将发布包含这些修订内容的新版协议。

1) 第 节将更改为以下内容:


2) 第 节将更改为以下内容:


3) 当前 RAA 中的第 节‭将被删除。(根据上述对第 节的修改,该条款将不再适用。)

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."