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WHOIS Policy Review Team Draft Report

Comment Period Important Information Links
Open Date: 5 December 2011
Close Date: 18 March 2012 Public Comment Announcement To Submit Your Comments (Forum Closed)
Time (UTC): 23:59 View Comments Submitted Report of Public Comments
Originating Organization: WHOIS Policy Review Team
Purpose:

The WHOIS Policy Review Team, constituted under ICANN's Affirmation of Commitments with the U.S. Department of Commerce, publishes its Draft Report and Recommendations [PDF, 1.04 MB] for public comment.

Translations of the Draft Report and Recommendations:

Appendices can be found here:

In addition to general comments and feedback, the Review Team seeks comment on the following issues:

  • Acceptable timeframes for ICANN to implement the Review Team's recommendations;
  • Particular ICANN departments, staff or supporting organizations which ought to be tasked with particular recommendations, with some explanation;
  • Input on all Recommendations, including Recommendation 17 in which two variations of scope are presented for the "common interface" recommendation;
  • Input on effective and efficient mechanisms for monitoring ICANN's progress in implementing the final Recommendations between completion of this Report and start of the next WHOIS Policy Review Team; and
  • Additional input and notes.
Current Status: Draft report for public comment
Next Steps: Final Report and Recommendations to be published by 30 April 2012.
Staff Contact: Olof Nordling Email: olof.nordling@icann.org
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."