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Board Documents | Transcripts

Preliminary Transcript of Director Voting Statements for Resolutions 2011.03.18.23 – 2011.03.18.25

18 March 2011 | Committee: Board

Transcript of Director Voting Statements for Resolutions 2011.03.18.23 – 2011.03.18.25

18 March 2011 | Committee: Board

EC-POP Meeting with ICANN Board Members

25 November 2008 | Committee: Board

EC-POP Meeting with ICANN Board Members

25 November 2008 | Committee: Board

EC-POP Meeting with ICANN Board Members

25 November 2008 | Committee: Board

EC-POP Meeting with ICANN Board Members

25 November 2008 | Committee: Board

[Draft] Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

22 November 2006 | Committee: Board

[Draft] Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

18 October 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

25 September 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

7 September 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

15 August 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

18 July 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

14 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript - Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

14 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

9 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript - Special Meeting of the ICANN Board

9 June 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

10 May 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

28 February 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

21 February 2006 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

8 November 2005 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript of Board Meeting

24 October 2005 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript | Special Meeting of the Board

12 October 2005 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript | Special Meeting of the Board

15 September 2005 | Committee: Board

Voting Transcript | Special Meeting of the Board

16 August 2005 | Committee: Board

Transcripts from 31 October 1998 conference call between several members of the ICANN board and representatives of the Boston Working Group and the Open Root Server Confederation

31 October 1998 | Committee: Board

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."