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Clôture d'une accréditation

Dans le cadre du RAA, l'ICANN a la possibilité de résilier un RAA avant son expiration, conformément aux circonstances et aux conditions énoncées à l'article 5.3 de la RAA. Un opérateur de registre peut également mettre fin volontairement à son RAA en adressant à l'ICANN préavis écrit de trente jours. Cet avis doit être transmis par courrier ou par fax, comportant l'en-tête officiel de l'État civil de ­l'opérateurs de registre, et signé par un agent autorisé de la société d'enregistrement.

En cas de résiliation d'un RAA (que ce soit par l'ICANN ou l'opérateur de registre), chaque nom anciennement parrainé par l'opérateur de registre prend fin et doit être transféré à un opérateur de registre accrédité par l'ICANN. L'ICANN suit sa procédure de transition de désaccréditation [PDF, 128 KB] afin d'assurer la réussite du transfert des noms et la protection des registrants.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."