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Message from Mohamed Sharil Tarmizi, GAC Chair, to Paul Twomey

Dr. Paul Twomey
President and CEO

Dear Paul Twomey,

Subject: Notification of Contemplated Action on Proposed Policies: Inter-Registrar Transfers

I refer to the message from Louis Touton of 30 March 2003 requesting GAC Advice as to the recommendations of the GNSO Task Force on Inter-Registrar Transfers of Names. Thank you for referring this question to the GAC.

This matter has now been considered by GAC and our Advice to the ICANN Board is to support and implement the GNSO Task Force's recommendations, without amendment.

These recommendations are a step forward in improving services provided to users, on which all the constituencies concerned agree. GAC Members value especially the monitoring and review processes provided for in the recommendations, so the policy and/or the dispute resolution procedure can be improved or amended in the light of experience.

Please also note that the ITU takes no position, either for or against, with regard to the GNSO recommendations on name transfers.


Mohamed Sharil Tarmizi
GAC Chair

cc:   Louis Touton
Christopher Wilkinson, Secretariat, Governmental Advisory Committee
Theresa Swinehart
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."