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SSAC Bios and Disclosures of Interest 13 September 2017

Greg Aaron

Greg Aaron is Vice-President of iThreat Cyber Group. He is an authority on the malicious use of domain names, and is an expert on DNS operations, domain name policy, and related intellectual property issues.

Greg has advised companies, law enforcement, government officials, and the ICANN community regarding all kinds of Internet-based abuse and cybercrime, including major spamming operations, phishing gangs, Internet sales of counterfeit products, malware distribution, child sexual abuse image cases, and fast-flux networks. Greg is Senior Research Fellow at the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG), serves as co-chair of the APWG's Internet Policy Committee, and is co-author of the APWG's ongoing Global Phishing Survey series, which is the major source of phishing metrics and analysis. He was the senior industry expert on the Ernst & Young team that evaluated the new TLD applications to ICANN in 2012-2013, and he oversaw the launches and operations of several gTLDs and ccTLDs as Director of Key Account Management and Domain Security at Afilias. He was Chair of the GNSO's Registration Abuse Policy Working Group (RAPWG). Greg is also President of Illumintel, which provides advising to Internet companies. Greg is a magna cum laude graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Vice-President, iThreat Cyber Group. President, Illumintel Inc.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Internet security and technology.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimis stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: iThreat has occasionally been retained by ICANN for threat consultation work. Greg is a member of ICANN's Registry Services Evaluation Panel.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Joe Abley

Joe Abley works in a team of technical architects at Dyn, Inc., together responsible for the design and direction of the platforms that deliver Dyn's products. Before working for Dyn, Joe carried out a variety of technical roles at NSRC, ICANN, TekSavvy, Afilias, ISC and AboveNet, and has provided consulting services for a variety of other Internet companies in North America, Europe and New Zealand. He narrowly avoided failure at the University of Cambridge whilst young and foolish, and escaped in 1993 with a BA (Hons) in Physics and Computer Science.

Joe was a founding trustee of NZNOG and is a Fellow of InternetNZ. He served as chair of the NANOG Steering Committee, has volunteered as Executive Director of the IAB and has participated as an instructor in AfNOG and SANOG meetings, most usually in conjunction with the very excellent people at NSRC.

Joe's principal interests concern large-scale deployment, instrumentation and observation of DNS services on the Internet. He has been known to make trouble at IETF meetings.

Joe lives and works from his home in London, Canada where he lives with his lovely wife, two children and a long-suffering, incontinent cat called Lucy.

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Principal Architect at Dynamic Network Services, Inc. ("Dyn, Inc.")

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Design and development of systems and processes supporting Dyn¹s current and future products, including Dyn¹s DNS, Traffic Management and Messaging platforms.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Dyn is an ICANN-accredited registrar.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Benedict Addis

Benedict Addis is chair of the Registrar of Last Resort (RoLR), a non-profit ICANN-accredited registrar that exists solely to quarantine bad domain names. From 2011 to 2014 he was a technical officer in the UK's National Cyber Crime Unit, formerly SOCA Cyber. There, his team was responsible for international cybercrime enquiries under the Budapest Convention and G8 24/7 process, and he was the unit's point of contact for 'threat to life' emergencies. He was previously a partner in a network and security start-up and worked as a researcher in the Secure Systems lab at HP Labs. He holds a Masters in Information Security from Royal Holloway University of London.

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s):

    Shadowserver, employed as Chair of the Registrar of Last Resort (RoLR)

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above:

    Security research and operations

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN:

    Chair of RoLR, an ICANN-accredited registrar

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s):

    No.


Jaap Akkerhuis

Jaap Akkerhuis has served in the SSAC since its inception He is a research engineer at NLnet Labs, a small research and development group that focuses on those developments in Internet technology where bridges between theory and practical deployment need to be built and areas where engineering and standardization takes place.

He is co-chair of the RIPE DNS working group and served as a co-chair for the IETF ProvReg WG and the IETF nominating committee (nomcom 2011).

Jaap has been instrumental in the development of the Internet in the Netherlands and in Europe in the early 1980s. After a period of seven years in the US where he was active at the Information Technology Center from CMU (Pittsburgh PA), mt Xinu (Berkeley, CA) and AT&T Bell Labs (Murray Hill, NJ), he returned to the Netherlands where he joined the first independent ISP. Later he worked as a Technical Advisor for SIDN, the registry of the .NL TLD.

He has been a trainer at technical workshops for country code top level domain (ccTLD) organised by ISOC. He served in the first Permanent Stakeholder Group (PSG) of ENISA from 2004 until 2007.

He is ICANN's member of the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency and is the liaison to ISO Technical Committee 46/WG 2 "Coding of country names and related entities.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Research Engineer, NLnet Labs, a not for profit Foundation

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Open standards and open software development. We sometimes are consulted by a range of companies and organisations.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: NLnet Labs does the occasional consultanct job for ICANN and its stakeholders. I personally am involved in representing ICANN at the ISO 3166 Maintenance agency. We collaborate with and are sponsored by various parties in the industry; see our annual reports for details [1].

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Jeffrey Bedser

Jeffrey R. Bedser is co-founder and CEO of ICG, Inc – iThreat Solutions (formerly Internet Crimes Group). Under Mr. Bedser's leadership, ICG has set industry standards in developing responses to Internet threat communities and cybercrime.

Mr. Bedser has been a facilitator and speaker for ASIS International, INFRAGARD, HTCIA, The Conference Board, ICANN and the FBI Training Academy at Quantico.

Volunteer Activities

  • ICANN – Member – Security and Stability Advisory Council 2007 –
  • US Chamber of Commerce – National Security Task Force/Cybersecurity Working Group
  • Cyber Threats Taskforce (ASIS International) Chairman 2000-2002
  • Joint Council for Information Age Crime (JCIAC), Member, BoD 2002-2007.
  • IACP – Ad hoc Committee on Computer Crime and Digital Evidence 2006 –
  • Security Journal (Palgrave McMillan Ltd) – Editorial Board 2001 –
  • Cyber Crime Summit 2001 (and 2002) – Program originator, facilitator and coordinator
  • Scout Master – Boy Scout Troop 66, West Windsor New Jersey

Certification

  • ASIS International board Certified Protection Professional (CPP)
  • High Tech Crime Network Certified Computer Crime Investigator – CCCI (advanced)

Publications

  • The Impact of the Internet on Security, Security Journal, 2007, 20, (55-56) Palgrave Macmillan Ltd 0955-1622/07
  • Law and Order in a Networked World, Security Counsel, CSO Magazine, March 2003, CXO Media Inc.

Statement of Interest: Mr. Bedsers' company, ICG, Inc. has on occasion been retained by ICANN and ARIN for investigative and threat intelligence services.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Employer: ICG, Inc – iThreat Solutions. Position: CEO
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I am the executive responsible for the overall performance and operations of the company We are privately held. Our services involve high level consultation, investigation and analysis of internet threat communities and such via large scale data collection and analysis. We perform functions for many market sectors including government.
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: ICG has occasionally been retained by ICANN for threat consultation work.
  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Don Blumenthal

Don Blumenthal is Senior Policy Advisor to the Public Interest Registry, concentrating on security and stability, accountability and transparency, and abuse and other law enforcement related issues. In addition to serving on SSAC, he is a member of the ICANN Domain Security and Stability Analysis Working Group and the Whois Survey Working Group.

Don also is an adjunct professor at the University of Michigan School of Information and the Michigan State University School of Criminal Justice, teaching courses on information policy, enterprise security planning, contemporary privacy issues, and cybercrime and cybersecurity matters. In addition, he is on the Executive Board of the Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email (CAUCE) and serves as a Strategic Advisor to the Online Trust Alliance (OTA).

Prior to joining PIR, Don was a consultant in Ann Arbor, specializing in information security natters. Before Ann Arbor, Don was at headquarters of the Federal Trade Commission, where his last assignment was to create and manage the Internet Lab, the agency's Internet investigations center. In addition, he provided legal and technical expertise for security and privacy investigations and policy projects and was involved in Internet governance policy initiatives. Prior to the Internet Lab, Don worked for the FTC in central IT and as a trial attorney. His career also includes time with another federal agency, in private practice, and on Capitol Hill.

Don has been a frequent speaker on the topics of Internet and information security and privacy. He also has been a major contributor to American Bar Association privacy, security, and cybercrime publications, as well as to the ITU Toolkit for Cybercrime Legislation, the Cloud Security Alliance's Security Guidance for Critical Areas of Focus in Cloud Computing, and the 2011 Recommended Security Guidelines for Airport Planning, Design, & Construction prepared for the U.S. Transportation Security Administration.

Don was the recipient of numerous awards at the FTC, including the Award for Distinguished Service in 2006. He holds a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania, a B.A. from Oberlin College, and a Certificate in Systems and Project Management from American University.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Senior Policy Advisor, Public Interest Registry. As as aside for full disclosure, PIR has applied for four IDN versions of .org and for new .ngo and .ong gTLDs.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I am a member of the policy group at PIR, which works on issues related to both public and ICANN policy, as well as industry activities. I cover many substantive areas, but my primary responsibilities are in security, privacy, abuse, compliance, and accountability and transparency.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Ben Butler

Ben Butler has been with Go Daddy since 2001. In 2002, He formed the Go Daddy Abuse Department, and served as Director of Network Abuse for over 10 years. In this role, Ben helped create and enforce company and public policies dealing with every form of potential abuse that happens online, including spam, phishing, identity theft, copyright infringements, cyberbullying, child exploitation issues, and rogue internet pharmacies. He recently took on a new role as Director of IT Security Operations. Ben comes from a strong technical background including several years as a network and email administrator, and has experience in customer service, business management, and marketing.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Employer: GoDaddy.com, Inc. Position(s): Director, IT Security Operations (Transitional) Director, Network Abuse.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: As Director of Security Operations, oversee planning, implementation, and maintenance of all security measures across GoDaddy's network. I also oversee the Digital Crimes Unit, focusing on egregious criminal activity. I have also been responsible for investigation of all forms of abuse by Go Daddy customers.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Go Daddy is the largest domain Registrar, and thus plays a key role in the ICANN community and specifically in the Registrar Stakeholder Group. Go Daddy may also represent interests of CA's and Hosting providers accordingly. Go Daddy applied to operate a small number of new gTLD's. Go Daddy has a material partnership in the .ME and .CO Registry operations as well. My individual position plays no active role in these interests.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Lyman Chapin

Lyman Chapin is co-founder and partner at Interisle Consulting Group, where he advises companies, non-profit organizations, and government agencies on Internet technology, policy, and governance; telecommunications network security and resilience; and critical infrastructure protection. Before starting Interisle in 2002 he was a Chief Scientist at BBN Technologies. Mr. Chapin is a Fellow of the IEEE, and was a founding trustee of the Internet Society. He has served as a Director of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), where he currently chairs the Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel and the DNS Stability Panel, and as chairman of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the ACM Special Interest Group on Data Communication (SIGCOMM), and the ANSI and ISO standards groups responsible for Network and Transport layer networking standards. Mr. Chapin was a principal architect of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model and protocols, and is the co-author of Open Systems Networking—TCP/IP and OSI. He currently serves as the USA/ACM representative to the International Federation for Information Processing Technical Committee on Communication Systems (IFIP TC6) and recently completed a five-year term as the USA representative to the NATO Science Committee networking panel. His professional interests include Internet technology, particularly routing, traffic engineering, and the Domain Name System (DNS); Internet governance; and information security and personal privacy.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Interisle Consulting Group, LLC – Owner.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Consulting to companies, non-profit organizations, and government agencies on Internet technology, policy, and governance; telecommunications network security and resilience; and critical infrastructure protection.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Interisle currently provides the following consulting services to ICANN:

    • Registry Services Evaluation Panel for the new gTLD program.

    • DNS Stability Evaluation Panel for the new gTLD program.

    • DNS Stability Panel for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track.

    • Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel (RSTEP).

    • Name Collision in the DNS: A study of the likelihood and potential consequences of collision between new public gTLD labels and existing private uses of the same strings.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

KC Claffy

KC Claffy is founder and director of the Cooperative Association for Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA), based at the University of California's San Diego Supercomputer Center, and Adjunct Professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department at UCSD. KC's research interests include measurement, analysis, and visualization of Internet workload, routing, topology and performance data. KC leads CAIDA's collection and curation of strategic Internet data sets and freely available tools and analysis methodologies to improve the scientific integrity of network research and to promote more informed engineering, business, and policy decisions regarding the Internet infrastructure.

Statement of Interest: CAIDA receives support from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate for two projects: participation in PREDICT and Internet mapping.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): UCSD/SDSC, Research Scientist. ucsd/sdsc; UCSD, Adjunct Professor, Computer Science and Engineering Dept.; CAIDA, Founder and Director

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: strategy, leadership, upper management, external outreach, fundraising, and internet research. more info at http://www.caida.org/home/about/annualreports/2012/

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: none to my knowledge. Funding sources for CAIDA at http://www.caida.org/home/about/annualreports/2012/#funding

  4. Is your participation as an ssac member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? please answer "yes" or "no." if the answer is yes, please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Steve Crocker (former SSAC Chair)

Dr. Crocker is CEO and co-founder of Shinkuro, Inc., a start-up company focused on dynamic sharing of information across the Internet and on the deployment of improved security protocols on the Internet.

Dr. Crocker has been involved in the Internet since its inception. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, while he was a graduate student at UCLA, he was part of the team that developed the protocols for the Arpanet and laid the foundation for today's Internet. He organized the Network Working Group, which was the forerunner of the modern Internet Engineering Task Force and initiated the Request for Comment (RFC) series of notes through which protocol designs are documented and shared. For this work, Dr. Crocker was awarded the 2002 IEEE Internet Award.

Dr. Crocker's experience includes research management at DARPA, USC/ISI and The Aerospace Corporation, vice president of Trusted Information Systems, and co-founder of CyberCash, Inc. and Longitude Systems, Inc. His prior public service includes serving as the first area director for security in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the IETF Administrative Support Activity Oversight Committee (IAOC), service on the Board of the Internet Society and the Board of The Studio Theatre in Washington, DC.

Dr. Crocker earned his B.A. in mathematics and Ph.D. in computer science at UCLA, and he studied artificial intelligence at MIT.

Steve Crocker was selected by the 2008 Nominating Committee to serve as a Board Member. He served as Chair of ICANN's Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) since its inception in 2002 until 2010, and he served as SSAC's non-voting Liaison to the ICANN Board until being selected by the Nominating Committee. He is currently chair of the Board. His current ends with the 2014 annual meeting, and he has applied for an additional term.

Statement of Interest: Shinkuro, Inc. receives support from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to foster the deployment of DNSSEC

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Employer: Shinkuro, Inc. Position: CEO.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: DNSSEC deployment, sponsored by the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate. Consulting to commercial companies related to DNS measurement. Development of collaboration software.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: I serve on ICANN's Board of Directors and am currently chair of the Board.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Revised April 8, 2014


Jay Daley

Jay Daley is the Chief Executive of NZRS Ltd the registry for the .nz top level domain, a role he has held since 2009 and a role for which he emigrated from the UK to become a New Zealand citizen. Jay has a technical background, starting as a software developer in 1986 and then moving to network management in the public sector and then to general IT management. In 2002 Jay moved into the domain name industry to take up the role of Director of IT at Nominet, the .uk registry, and so now has a fairly unique perspective across different ccTLD structures and founding principles.

Jay’s passion is how to help people leverage the power of Internet for personal, local and global social transformation, with a current focus on access to open data and data analytics. He is a strong believer that "sunlight is the best disinfectant" and actively involved in the open data and open society community.

His skill set is as a global expert in domain names and a specialist in data analytics, trusted markets and agile product development. This is reflected in his day job which has an emphasis on designing and delivering new data products both to enhance .nz and to provide new income streams to InternetNZ to use to promote the Internet in New Zealand.

Like everyone on SSAC, Jay is obsessed with security and small part of him dies each time an insecure hashing algorithm is relied upon.

  • Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Chief Executive of NZRS Ltd, the registry for .nz domain names and a 100% owned subsidiary of InternetNZ the open membership society and charity that promotes the use and potential of the Internet in New Zealand.
  • Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Overall responsibility for all activity of the company, whose services include the .nz registry and associated registrar and registrant services, the National Broadband Map, a national NTP network and an open data portal.
  • Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: The parent organisation of NZRS Ltd, InternetNZ, is the delegated manager for the .nz ccTLD and has an exchange of letters with ICANN recognising that fact. InternetNZ makes an annual voluntary financial contribution to ICANN as a ccTLD. Jay is a voting member of the ICANN Customer Standing Committee as appointed by the ccNSO.
  • Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Andrew de la Haije

Andrew de la Haije is Chief Operations Officer (COO) at the RIPE NCC (service region covering 76 countries). In his current position, Andrew has been operating on a global level, developing strategy, and leading the RIPE NCC operations and product development. In addition he has been managing and chairing global initiatives on Internet infrastructure & security, policy development, and capacity building and training. Andrew actively participates at multiple levels in the Internet industry (ICANN, IETF, government roundtables and numbering community events).

For 20 years, Andrew has served in the public and private sector, managing organizations as well as large scale technology and transformational initiatives. Prior to the RIPE NCC, Andrew was consultant and Executive Manager at Accenture. Andrew worked at leading multinationals in both emerging and mature markets, shaping their strategy, seeking to better service their customers and deliver improved business performance.

Industry expertise
Andrew worked cross-industry in Internet operations, Telecommunications, Media & eCommerce, and FMCG assuming multiple industry and client leadership roles during his 20-year tenure.

Academic background
Broad academic background in social science and technology, holding a MSc in Strategic Management & Organisation (University of Amsterdam), an International Executive MBA (Purdue University, US and TIAS-University of Tilburg - Summa Cum Laude) and is currently pursuing a PhD in Cyber Security.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): RIPE NCC, Chief Operations Officer
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Strategy, Cyber Security, Product development, Member Experience / Journey management, business operations (including management of Internet Number Resources), policy development
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimis stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None
  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe. No

Paul Ebersman

Paul Ebersman works for Comcast as a DNS architect and as a technical resource on DNS/DHCP/IPv6, both internally and to the internet community through organizations such as DNS-OARC, NANOG, IETF and ICANN.

Paul first worked on the internet for the Air Force in 1984, supporting TCP/IP and OSI networks. He was employee number ten at UUNET and helped build AlterNET and the modem network used by MSN, AOL and Earthlink. He has maintained his roots in the internet and the open source community, working for various internet infrastructure companies including ISC and Nominum before coming to Comcast. He has also been active in operator groups like NANOG, RIPE, and various regional NOGs.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Comcast, DNS Architect

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: DNS engineering & operations, DNS/DHCP/IPv6 SME

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimis stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Comcast has two brand TLDs (.comcast & .xfinity)

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): no


Patrik Fältström (SSAC Chair)

Patrik Fältström is Head of Research and Development at Netnod. Previously, Fältström was a distinguished engineer at Cisco, technical specialist at Tele2, systems manager at the Royal Institute of Technology, researcher at Bunyip Information Systems in Montreal and a programmer in the Royal Swedish Navy. He has been working with UNIX since 1985, DNS since 1987, and been involved in Internet-related standardization since 1989, both in Sweden and worldwide. Fältström is one of the editors of the standards of Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) and E.164 number mapping in DNS (ENUM) created in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), and was one of two area directors of the applications area for five years, followed by being a member of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) for three years and member of ISOC Board of Trustees 2006-2009. He has been an appointed advisor to the Swedish IT Minister 2003-2014, member of ICANN Security and Stability Committee since 2005 and its chair since 2011. He is or has been a member of numerous other advisory groups and investigations related to Internet during the years, both public and private sector including ICANN, Packet Clearing House, Telio, HotSIP,Yubico, Swedish Regulator PTS, Telia-Sonera International Carrier, Tele2, .SE, Swedish Government and the European Comission. Fältström holds an M.Sc. degree in mathematics from the University of Stockholm and is chairman of the board of Frobbit! that he is partly owner of. He was inducted to The Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, IVA, in October 2013 and holds the title LIVA. In January 2011, Fältström received The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, V class, from the President of Estonia.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Employer: Netnod AB. Position: Head of Research and Development. For more information about Netnod see http://www.netnod.se/

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I am responsible for the overall project management and longer-term development of products and services at Netnod.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Netnod do have TLD registries as customers that also are applicants in the new gTLD process. I own 50%, and is chairman of the board, of Frobbit AB that is for some ccTLDs an accredited registrar, and reseller for domain names in other TLDs (including gTLDs). I am one of the experts available for RSTEP evaluation.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Ondrej Filip

Ondřej studied Computer Science at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics at Charles University and University of Pittsburgh – Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business (MBA). During his studies at Charles University he started to work in company IPEX a.s. Later he became Technical director and member of board there. Ondřej has been CEO of the CZ.NIC association since December 2004. Herewith his duties in CZ.NIC Ondřej acts in boards of the association NIX.CZ (Neutral Internet Exchange), associations Euro-IX (European Internet Exchange Association) and DNS OARC (The Domain Name System Operations Analysis and Research Center). He is a member of Multistakeholder Advisory Group, which assist the Secretary General of United Nations in convening the Internet Governance Forum. He was a member of ccNSO council at ICANN. In his free time Ondřej likes playing basketball, travelling or programming of open source software. He speaks English fluently and German.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): CZ.NIC z.s.p.o. – CEO; NIX.CZ z.s.p.o. – board member; Czech Telecommunication Office – member of council.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above:

    • CZ.NIC – as CEO responsible for all aspect of the Czech domain name registry (.cz).

    • NIX.CZ – Internet Exchange Point in Prague – association of ISP, responsible for company strategy, budget etc.

    • Czech Telecommunication Office – government agency, national telecommunication regulator. Council members are appointed by the Czech Government. Responsible for all office measures

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None of the companies I work for has any such relationship with ICANN. I am also chairman of DNS-OARC that received some donation of hardware from ICANN.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


James Galvin (SSAC Vice Chair)

Dr. James Galvin is Director of Strategic Relationships and Technical Standards at Afilias, supporting and managing the company's relationships within Internet and IT communities. As an active, long-time member of these communities, Dr. Galvin participates in the development of the founding technical standards and policies upon which Internet applications and services are developed.

He was an integral participant in the initial development of Internet standards for secure email, domain name system security (DNSSEC), and Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) security. He has chaired working groups, served as document editor, and managed public domain implementations of security protocols. Currently, Dr. Galvin serves as the Vice-Chair of ICANN's Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC).

His many years of technical consulting experience include critical infrastructure design and analysis, risk management and project management at, among others, IETF, ICANN, Afilias, Navy Research Labs, Sun Microsystems, Drummond Group, and U.S. Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration. He has also held positions at CommerceNet and Trusted Information Systems, and is the Founder and Principal at eList eXpress, an email list management service provider.

Dr. Galvin has a Bachelor of Science degree from Moravian College with a double major in Computer Science and Mathematics. He holds a Masters in Computer Science and Information Systems from the University of Delaware where he also earned his Doctorate with a dissertation entitled, Distributed Cryptographic Key Management System.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s). Employer: Afilias <http://afilias.info>. Position: Director of Strategic Relationships and Technical Standards.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Afilias is a registry service and DNS service provider, among other things. We actively engage with organizations whose activities include the design and development of policies and technical standards that directly effect our operation and business. I am responsible for Afilias's technical relationship with these organizations.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Afilias is the registry service provider (in a few cases also the registry operator) for a number of TLDs that are contracted parties to ICANN. Afilias has a material interest in a number of new TLD applications.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Robert Guerra

Robert Guerra is a civil society expert specializing in issues of internet governance, cyber security, social networking, multi-stakeholder participation, internet freedom and human rights. Robert is a co-founder of Privaterra, a Canadian based initiative that works with private industry and nongovernmental organizations to assist them with issues of data privacy, secure communications, information security, internet governance and internet freedom. Robert also works as special adviser to the Citizen Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto.

In addition to serving as a member of ICANN's Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC), Robert is also a member of the US IGF Steering Committee. Additionally he has participated as a member of theofficial Canadian delegation at two UN World Summits on the Information Society (WSIS).

Robert has given numerous media interviews and often is invited to share his views on the challenges being faced by social justice organizations in regards to surveillance, censorship and privacy. He advises numerous non-profits, foundations, governments and international organizations, including Taking IT Global, Diplo Foundation's Internet Governance and Policy Capacity Building Program (IGPCBP), and The Open Net Initiative.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): I am a senior advisor at the Citizen Lab and Canada Centre for Global Security Studies, Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. The Citizen Lab is an interdisciplinary laboratory based at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, Canada focusing on advanced research and development at the intersection of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), human rights, and global security. Further details on the Citizen Lab & Canada Centre for Global Security Studies are available at the URL's below:
    • http://www.citizenlab.org
    • I am also the owner of Privaterra, LLC, that provides Internet Governance/Policy and Cybersecurity consulting services.
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Citizen Lab: Fulfill a variety of roles and functions. They are as follows:
    • Senior advisor / researcher / consultant
    • Outreach : Speak at International conferences, events as well as engage key stakeholders on Cyber, and Internet Freedom issues.
    • Support Internet Freedom projects: Support projects that aim to improve resiliency, contingency planning and engagement of non-governmental practitioners in developing countries in Cyber (cyber security & internet governance) policy discussions.
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: The Citizen Lab nor Privaterra currently has no financial or material relationship with ICANN.

Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): NO.


Julie Hammer

Julie Hammer was an independent director on the Board of auDA, the Australian ccTLD, for 9 years until 2016. She was appointed to the Board in 2007 after retiring from the Royal Australian Air Force in 2005 with the rank of Air Vice-Marshal. She was the first woman to achieve one star and two star rank in the history of the Australian DefenceForce. Throughout her 28 year Air Force career, Julie worked in the fields of aircraft maintenance, technical intelligence, electronic warfare, and information and communications technology systems. Her roles included Commanding Officer of the Electronic Warfare Squadron, delivering operational support to all Air Force aircraft; Director General Information Services, responsible for the day-to-day operations of Defence's strategic communications and Restricted and Secret computer networks; and Commandant of the Australian Defence Force Academy, Australia's tri-service military university. For the year prior to her retirement, she acted as the Chief Information Officer for Defence. She holds a Bachelor of Science with Honours in Physics, a Masters degree in Aerosystems Engineering, a Graduate Diploma in Strategic Studies and a Doctor of Engineering Honoris Causa. In 2008, she was National President of Engineers Australia, the professional association for over 90,000 engineers in Australia.

Disclosure of Interests:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Retired
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: N/A
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Nil
  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): Yes, I serve as the ALAC Liaison to the SSAC.

Cristian Hesselman

Cristian Hesselman directs SIDN Labs, the research team of the .nl operator, SIDN. Cristian’s work focuses on further improving the operational security, privacy, and stability of the Internet infrastructure, with a particular emphasis on DNS operations, privacy-aware analysis of network traffic, and IoT security and privacy. At ICANN, he chairs the Standing Committee of TLD-OPS, the global incident response community for and by ccTLDs. He is also a member of SIDN’s leadership team and chairs the board of directors of NLnet Labs.

Cristian was previously on the board of Abuse Information Exchange, an initiative of Dutch ISPs and hosting providers to collaboratively fight botnets. He also chaired the SECIR working group at ICANN and co-chaired the R&D working group at CENTR.

Before joining SIDN, Cristian was a senior researcher at Telematica Instituut where he led and developed large (European) research projects and worked on topics such as mobility management in IP networks, distributed sensor systems, and telco service platforms. Cristian started his professional career as a software engineer at Lucent Technologies.

He holds a Ph.D. (2005) and an M.Sc. (1996) in Computer Science, both from the University of Twente, the Netherlands.

Company site: www.sidn.nl and www.sidnlabs.nl. Personal site: www.hesselman.net.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Head of SIDN Labs at SIDN.
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: leading and directing SIDN Labs’ research agenda, leading teams of researchers and engineers, development of collaborative projects, conducting research.
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: SIDN Labs occasionally carries out research for ICANN and its stakeholders.
  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Geoff Huston

GEOFF HUSTON B.Sc., M.Sc., has been closely involved with the development of the Internet for the past 25 years. In the late 1980's he was the Technical Manager at the Australian Academic and Research Network, and was responsible for the pioneering work in introducing the Internet to Australia. In the mid 1990's he joined Telstra, Australia's major communications enterprise, and lead their Internet Engineering group. He was Telstra's Internet Architect in the 2000's, leading the overall design effort in what was then a global IP carrier network operated by Telstra. He joined APNIC (the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Registry) in the mid 2000's as the Chief Scientist, and leads APNIC's research endeavours. Geoff has been a Trustee of the Internet Society form 1992 until 2000, and served as Chair of the Board for a term and as Secretary to the Board for much of the remainder of that time. He has been an active member of the IETF for many years and has served on the Internet Architecture Board from 1999 until 2005, and has also chaired a number of Working Groups and authored a number of RFCs. He has written three books on the Internet and is a regular column writer on various aspects of the technology, business, politics and economics of the Internet. His current research interests include inter-domain routing, the domain name protocol and their related security issues and the IPv6 transition.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Chief Scientist, APNIC Pty Ltd

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above:

  3. I lead APNIC's research program that examines topics related to IP addresses and their use. This includes issues of inter-domain routing, the domain name system, the state of the transition to IPv6 and related areas. My recent work has focused on large scale measurement exercises, looking at the network from the perspective of the end user.

  4. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: I have no such financial or material relationships. I am unaware of any such financial or material relationships on the part of APNIC Pty Ltd.

  5. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): As my employer APNIC supports my participation in this activity, and APNIC is aware of the various commitments on my time and travel to support my participation in SSAC activities as a part of this support. I have made no other arrangements of agreements.


Merike Kaeo

Merike Kaeo is the Founder and Chief Network Security Architect of Double Shot Security, a company started in 2000 that focuses on bridging the gap between security policy instantiation, practical architecture development and effective operational deployment. She currently serves on ICANN's Security and Stability Advisory Council, the FCC's Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council's (CSRIC), and several other industry forums. Her international focus often makes Merike an informal liaison between varying technical and operational groups and she is a sought after resource at global conferences including NATO, TERENA, RSA, NANOG, PLNOG, RIPE, APRICOT and SANOG.

Merike has lead security focused strategies at numerous companies including ISC, T-Mobile, Comcast, and Boeing and has held advisory positions in a variety of security start-up companies. From 1993-2000 Merike was employed by Cisco Systems, Inc. where she instigated and lead the company's first security initiative in 1997. She also focused on technical issues relating to network and application performance, routing protocols and large-scale network design. She is the author of 'Designing Network Security', which was translated into 9 languages and is a reference book for many security accreditation programs.

Merike is a member of the IEEE and has been an active contributor in the IETF since 1992. She co-chaired the IP Performance Metrics (IPPM) working group from 2000–2003 and had actively contributed to numerous IETF working groups with a specific focus on operational sanity. She was named an IPv6 Forum Fellow in 2007 for her continued efforts to raise awareness of IPv6 related security paradigms. Merike received her BSEE from Rutgers University and her MSEE from The George Washington University.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Security Evangelist, Internet Identity (IID).

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I contribute in industry outreach, technical workshops, technical standards development and global public policy development pertaining to infrastructure security issues.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: IID provides security services both directly and through channels to several gTLD registries and registrars and has subcontracted to other organizations on various ICANN-directed research projects/studies. IID is also a reseller of domain registrations (largely its own and for security, sinkholing, and research) from numerous gTLD registrars.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Mark Kosters

Mark Kosters has over 27 years of experience as an applications developer, networking engineer, technical manager and executive. Over the last 22 years, he was a senior engineer at Data Defense Network (DDN) NIC, chief engineer and Principal Investigator under the NSF-sponsored Internet NIC (InterNIC), Vice President of Research at VeriSign and currently working as CTO of ARIN. Over his career, he has been involved in application design and implementation of client/server tools, router administration, UNIX system administration, database administration, and network security. He has represented his various employers in various technical forums such as the IETF, RIPE, APNIC, and NANOG.

Additionally, Mark has been involved in Internet standards development, having co-authored RFCs on RWhois (RFC 1714 and 2167), Internet Registry IP Allocation Guidelines (RFC 2050), Root Name Server Operational Requirements (RFC 2870) and DNS Security (DNSSEC) Opt-In (RFC 4956). Mark also is currently serving a member of ICANN's Security and Stability Committee and ICANN's Registry Services Technical Evaluation Panel. Over the past years, Mark has participated in ICANN's Root Server System Security Committee and ARIN's Advisory Council.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): CTO of ARIN (American Registry for Internet Numbers). For more information about ARIN, please check https://www.arin.net.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I am responsible for all of ARIN's engineering activities – going from development to operations.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimis stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: I'm one of the technologists available in RSTEP . My employer, ARIN, is a non-profit that annually funds ICANN via the NRO.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): None.


Warren Kumari

Warren Kumari is a Senior Network Engineer/Senior Network Security Engineer with Google, and has been with the company since 2005. As a senior engineer, Warren is responsible for all aspects of keeping the Google production network both secure and operational as well as mentoring other members of his team. He also participates in Google's industry standards groups.

Warren has over 17 years of experience in the Internet industry, ranging from tiny start-up ISPs to large enterprises. Prior to Google, he was a Senior Network Engineer at AOL and before that he was Lead Network Engineer at Register.com (when the Shared Registry System first started).

With security concerns becoming more and more prevalent, Warren has chosen to be an active participant of the IETF, the ICANN Security and Stability Advisory Committee, and NANOG. These groups afford him the opportunity to contribute to the community in a vital way by supporting and advancing Internet standards and protocols.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): I am employed by Google Inc as a Senior Network Security Engineer, in the Internet Evangelism group. I am also a (no-fee) consultant to Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), assisting with operation of F-root.

  2. 2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: The Internet Evangelism Group's mission is to promote the spread of Internet, including through standards efforts. As such, I participate in multiple bodies, including the IETF, various network operators groups and ICANN SSAC, representing the interests of the Internet. While I was initially involved in Google's New gTLD applications, I have firewalled myself off from that group to minimize Conflicts of Interest, and have no day-to-day interaction with the New gTLD group.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Google Inc. (an ICANN-accredited registrar and, via its wholly owned subsidiary Charleston Road Registry is an applicant for a number of top level domain names) pays my salary and provides me with other forms of compensation, including stock and stock options. I have no immediate family members / significant others with relations to ICANN or ICANN activities.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Jacques Latour

Jacques Latour is the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) at the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA). As an expert in developing innovative, leading-edge IT solutions, Jacques has established CIRA as a global leader among country code top-level domain (ccTLD) registries. His 25+ years of experience in the private and not-for-profit sectors afford him a unique perspective, from research and development and software development to IT operations and business development.

Jacques is currently responsible for the mission-critical architecture of the .CA ccTLD. In this role, he provides leadership and direction for the management and security of the .CA registry and its underlying DNS, critical components of Canada's national Internet infrastructure.

A visionary in the Internet community, Jacques is committed to the development of a new Canadian Internet architecture. Under his direction in 2012, CIRA spearheaded the development of a national, robust network of Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) to diminish Canada's unnecessary dependence on out-of-country infrastructure, enhance domestic Internet performance, and decrease costs. As a result, Canada's IXP network has grown sevenfold. He has also served as the catalyst for the creation of a national Canadian IXP association, CA-IX, and is a member of the Manitoba Internet Exchange's (MBIX) Board of Directors.

Jacques has also played a central role in the modernization of the .CA top-level domain. He led the wholesale rewrite of the .CA registry system, updating and simplifying every aspect of the registry from its technological processes to its policies and business practices. In 2014, he implemented DNSSEC at CIRA, enhancing the security of Canada's online identifier.

Jacques has been active in the ccTLD registry community, the ccNSO and ICANN as a whole. He participates actively in the planning of the ccNSO's 'Tech Day' and the SSAC DNSSEC Workshop, is an active contributor to the ICANN TLD-OPS standing committee, and is proud of his starring role as 'ISP' in the DNSSEC For Beginners Workshop. He believes that the SSAC would benefit from his deep knowledge of ccTLD Registry operations, DNS architecture and Internet security and the many relationships that he has developed over the years.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): CTO, Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA)

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above.: Provides leadership and direction for the management and security of the .CA registry and its underlying DNS, critical components of Canada's national Internet infrastructure.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you, your employer, or an immediate family member/significant other has with ICANN or with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a current or planned financial or other material relationship with ICANN: CIRA is the ccTLD registry for .CA and intends to become an ICANN accredited Registry Services Providers for gTLDs. As a Canadian not-for-profit membership based corporation, CIRA issues no shares. Neither my family nor I have any financial or material relationships with ICANN. I am unaware of any such financial or material relationships on the part of CIRA.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s).: No


Xiaodong Lee

Dr. Xiaodong Lee is the CEO&CTO of CNNIC, he received his Ph.D. of Computer Architecture in the Institute of Computing Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). Dr. Xiaodong Lee now holds the positions of Research Professor of Chinese Academy of Sciences. He used to be the Vice President for Asia Pacific of ICANN.

Under the leadership of Dr. Xiaodong Lee, many critical construction projects were implemented, such as global service platform for national domain name system, Data Backup Centers, Monitoring and Analysis Platform and so on. Moreover, Dr. Xiaodong Lee organized and accomplished several international and domestic technology standards in the fields of domain name and email, the application and delegation of "dotChina", he used to be the main IDN contributor and co-Chair of EAI WG of IETF, as well as the research and development of the first series of software and hardware system of domain name service in China.

Previously honored as one of the "Ten Outstanding Youth" in China's software industry and awarded "Outstanding Youth Medal of China" in 2009, Dr. Xiaodong Lee is currently Member of All-China Youth Federation, and Member of Global Agenda Council on the Future of the Internet of World Economic Forum.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Employer: CNNIC, China Internet Network Information Center. Position: Chief Executive Office (has position of Chief Technology Office too). I am now Research Professor of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CNNIC is a branch entity of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: I am in charge of the organization operational matters of CNNIC. and need to supervise the Ph.D. and Master Candidate.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN.: CNNIC is a ccTLD registry, and applied the new gTLDs of "dot Company" and "dot Network" in Chinese.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


John R. Levine

John R. Levine writes, speaks, and consults on the Internet, electronic mail, cybersecurity, and related topics. He is a Senior Technical Advisor to M3AAWG (the Messaging, Malware, Mobile Anti-Abuse Working Group) and a regular participant in the IETF, the author or co-author of 11 RFC documents.

He's written many books on the Internet and other computer topics. His books range from the best-selling "Internet for Dummies," with over seven million copies of fourteen editions in print in dozens of languages, to books on computer language tools including "Linkers and Loaders" and "flex and bison."

He speaks to many trade, policy, and general groups. He's testified at the Federal Trade Commission Spam Forum on the mechanics of spam, to the U.S. Senate Commerce Committee on spyware, was part of the Industry Canada Task Force on Spam and helped create Canada's Anti-Spam Law. He's provided legal consulting on Internet and software intellectual property cases for many industrial clients, and the for the governments of the United States, Canada, and New Zealand.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Self-employed, doing business as Taughannock Networks and as Standcore LLC

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Consulting and software development.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: I am a small Tucows' domain reseller, and Standcore has done contract R&D for ICANN.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Carlos Martinez-Cagnazzo

Carlos Martinez-Cagnazzo is an Electrical Engineer from Uruguay with more than 12 years of experience in the Telecommunications field. He started working in Operations and Management of IP networks and gradually transitioned to Network Planning and then to Computer and Information Security. From 2005 until 2010 he worked exclusively in the field of computer security for CSIRT‐ANTEL, the computer security incident response team of ANTEL (the largest telecom operator in Uruguay), the first incident response team in the country recognized by the Forum of Incident Response Teams (FIRST). In mid‐2010 Carlos joined LACNIC, the Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry as the first member of the newly formed Research and Development group. Among other projects, he was involved in both IPv6 and Resource PKI initiatives. In early 2013 Carlos was appointed as LACNIC's Security and Stability Program Manager. His current role involves the coordination and oversight of all security and stability initiatives at LACNIC. Some of his projects and research interests include BGP and routing security, improvements to de DNS (domain name system), specifically DDoS mitigation and DNSSEC deployment. Carlos has also taught Computer Security and Computer Networking classes for the Computer Science Institute of UDELAR (Universidad de la Republica) and Universidad de Montevideo, both important and widely recognized universities in Uruguay.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): I work for LACNIC, the Latin American and Caribbean Internet Address Registry. In its role as a RIR LACNIC is responsible for assigning and managing number resources for the LAC region. Currently I serve as Program Manager for Security and Stability.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: A stable and secure Internet is now part of LACNIC's vision and mission. I have been assigned the role of overseeing all the security and stability initiatives of LACNIC. In this role my duties include: Creating strategy plans and documents including tracking actions and progress and reporting to upper management. Overseeing different activities including: Deployments of root server copies in LACNIC's service region; Training events, including Incident Response, DNSSEC, Secure Routing / RPKI among others. RPKI development and deployment: Participating in best practices development and standardization activities, including the IETF. Participating in outreach activities.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: LACNIC, as one of the five existing RIRs and thus being a member of the Number Resource Organization, has a relationship with ICANN governed by the Memorandum of Understanding between the NRO and ICANN. Said MoU can be found at [http://aso.icann.org/documents/memorandum-of-understanding/]

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Danny McPherson

Danny McPherson is Chief Security Officer for Verisign where he is responsible for strategic direction, research and innovation in infrastructure, and information security. He currently serves on the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), ICANN's Security and Stability Advisory Council, the FCC's Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council's (CSRIC), and several other industry forums. Previously, McPherson was CSO of Arbor Networks, and prior to that held technical leadership positions with Amber Networks, Qwest Communications, Genuity, MCI Communications, and the U.S. Army Signal Corps. He has been active within the Internet operations, security, research, and standards communities for nearly 20 years, and has authored a number of books and other publications related to these topics.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): VeriSign, Inc., Chief Security Officer.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: All aspects of information and infrastructure security, resiliency, cyber security, risk management, compliance and intelligence-driven security. Also engaged in Internet standards and research and development activities. For additional details please refer to my biography and statement of interest at http://www.icann.org/en/groups/ssac/biographies-03sep13-en.htm.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: Verisign is my sole employer. Verisign is a contracted party with ICANN. Verisign has applied for 14 new gTLDs and is contracted to provide back-end registry services to approximately 200 new gTLDs. More information about Verisign can be found in its public filings, available at verisigninc.com. No immediate family member and/or significant others have any financial or other interest in ICANN including any ICANN policy, program, process, or anything related to ICANN or the ICANN community. For additional details please refer to my biography and statement of interest at http://www.icann.org/en/groups/ssac/biographies-03sep13-en.htm.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s). No.

Statement of Interest:

I am a Vice President and the Chief Security Officer at VeriSign. VeriSign is the registry operator for the .com, .net and .name gTLDs and also provides backend registry services in support of Employ Media for the .jobs gTLD. VeriSign is also the registry operator for two ccTLDs, .cc and .tv.

As an employee who supports VeriSign's naming services business, I have access to Registry Sensitive information including information about registrars. With regard to both our gTLD and ccTLD registration services businesses as well as other VeriSign businesses, our customers and business associates have interests in various ICANN policy issues and may be members of other GNSO constituencies and/or supporting organizations.

In addition to registry agreements with ICANN for .com and .net, VeriSign also has obligations to the U.S. Department of Commerce through a cooperative agreement that was initiated in 1993 and has been amended many times since then. Those obligations include operating the A root server as well as interacting with the IANA functions operator to implement and publish root zone changes. I am also an appointed member of the Internet Architecture Board, which among many other things, has numerous interactions with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions operator. VeriSign (VRSN) is a publicly traded company. I own shares of VeriSign stock.


Ram Mohan (SSAC Liaison to the ICANN Board)

Ram Mohan is Executive Vice President, & Chief Technology Officer of Afilias Limited. Ram oversees key strategic, management and technology choices for the company in support of the company's various lines of business. These include fifteen generic top-level domains (gTLDs) including .INFO and .ORG. Ram has led the strategic growth of the company in registry services and security as well as new product sectors such as Managed DNS, RFID/Auto-ID, and Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs).

Before joining Afilias in September 2001, Ram held various leadership positions at Infonautics Corp., a pioneering online database and content distribution company. Ram is the founder of the award-winning CompanySleuth product, and helped architect Electric Library, a widely used reference database, and Encyclopedia.com. Ram is also founder of the technology behind TurnTide, an anti-spam company acquired by Symantec.

Ram joined the ICANN Board of Directors in November 2008 as a non-voting liaison from the Security and Stability Advisory Committee (of which he is a founding member). He has authored numerous global internet-industry standards, has led the GNSO IDN Working Group, and is a co-founder of the Arabic Script IDN Working Group.

Ram has a Bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Mangalore and an MBA in Entrepreneurial Management from Bharathidasan University.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Afilias, Executive Vice President & CTO.

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Executive role, including managing various aspects of the company.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN.: My sister-in-law is the CEO of a small, boutique registrar with operations in India. My employer has contracts with most registrars and many prospective gTLD operators, and some ccTLD operators.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Russ Mundy

Mr. Mundy has worked in communications, security and computer networking since the 1970's. His current position is the Principal Networking Scientist at Parsons where he leads a group engineers, researchers and developers whose primary focus is improving the security of Internet infrastructure technologies.

Much of Mr. Mundy's early career was with the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) where his responsibilities involved many aspects of design, engineering, security and operations of communications and computer networks. Mr. Mundy was involved with the DoD's decision to use ARPAnet technology as the basis for DoD's operational data network. As the first large-scale operational use of technology that is now known as Internet, Mr. Mundy was involved with creation and evolving of DNS, several routing protocols, remote network management as well as sponsoring the fledgling Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Mr. Mundy's last position in the DoD was as Chief Scientist for the U.S. DoD's Defense Data Network.

After leaving the U.S. DoD, Mr. Mundy took a position with Trusted Information Systems (TIS) as a senior research scientist where he lead and conducted research in the areas of Internet infrastructure security, network security, trusted operating systems and protocol development. The group currently led by Mr. Mundy was initially formed at TIS with the mission of improving the security of the Internet infrastructure. This group has been involved with purchases several times and is now part of Parsons. Mr. Mundy and his group has been involved with most aspects of DNSSEC from it's earliest days including writing the first implementation and providing IETF Working Group leadership. Mr. Mundy was also instrumental in creation and standardization of SNMPv3 as the Chair/CoChair of the IETF SNMPv3 Working Group as well as providing two implementations of the protocol. He has also conducted research in the areas of routing security and integration of computing and cryptographic technologies.

Statement of Interest: Companies that employ Mr. Mundy and his group (currently Parsons) receive support from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), several elements of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and commercial activities that facilitate the development, standardization and deployment of technologies (such as DNSSEC) that improve Internet infrastructure security.

Disclosure of Interest:

Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s).

Employers: Parsons

Position: Principal Networking Scientist

Additional Note: A significant portion of my SSAC activities are 'contributions for the good of the Internet', i.e., it is not work for my employer.

Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Parsons provides engineering, construction, technical, cyber, and professional services to a wide range of industries with a focus on transportation, environmental/infrastructure, defense/security, and resources. For more about Parsons, please visit www.parsons.com. Within Parsons, I am responsible for overall management of a group of researchers, engineers and developers whose primary mission is improving the security of the Internet Infrastructure.

Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN. Parsons has no financial or material relationship with ICANN.

Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Rod Rasmussen

Rod Rasmussen is a retired cybersecurity leader, who occasionally performs short-term consulting and research work in cybersecurity. This includes volunteer work for the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) and other industry organizations.

Prior to retirement, Rasmussen co-founded IID and was the company's lead technology development executive. IID was purchased by Infoblox in 2016, and Rasmussen retired in early 2017. He is widely recognized as a leading expert on the abuse of the domain name system by criminals. Rasmussen is co-chair of the Anti-Phishing Working Group's (APWG) Internet Policy Committee and serves as the APWG Industry Liaison, representing and speaking on behalf of the organization at events around the world. Rasmussen is a member of the Online Trust Alliance's (OTA) Steering Committee. He is a member of the FCC's Communications Security, Reliability and Interoperability Council (FCC CSRIC). Rasmussen is also an active participant in the Messaging Malware Mobile Anti-Abuse Working Group (M3AAWG), and has served as IID's Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST) representative. He is a regular participant in DNS-OARC meetings, the worldwide organization for major DNS operators, registries and interested parties, and in ICANN's series of DNS Security, Stability, and Resiliency Symposiums. Rasmussen earned an MBA from the Haas School of Business at UC-Berkeley and holds two bachelor's degrees, in Economics and Computer Science, from the University of Rochester. He has worked in both government (the Congressional Budget Office) and various computer communications and networking companies throughout his career.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): None - retired
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: N/A
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None.
  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Mark Seiden

Mark Seiden, a programmer since the '60s, has worked since 1983 in areas of security, network, and software engineering for many companies world-wide. As a Yahoo Paranoid and as a consultant, recent projects have included design, architecture, and implementation for e-business systems, security for online financial transaction processing and fora distributed document processing system, as an expert in computer crime cases, testing of network, procedural and physical security in diverse deployed systems, enterprises, and colocation facilities, and trying to understand and model bad-guy behavior on the Internet.

Particular SSAC-related interests:

  • Putting in place a way to deal with fraud domains economically (now a good Samaritan registrar suffers fees for containing just-registered fraud domains (or plays "catch and release" against the fraudsters.)

  • Mechanisms for detecting and mitigating domain hijacking.

  • Mechanisms for making dynamic addresses more accountable.

  • Mechanisms for reporting abuse events to registrars more efficiently

  • Best practices for communicating with customers without making them phishing targets.

Some less relevant details:

  • Time Digital named Mark one of the 50 "CyberElite" in their first annual list, and he's been involved with four (US) National Academy of Sciences studies on some trippy subjects. Mark was the first registrant of the domain food.com, and is a chowhound in many countries. He's been played by an actor in a rather bad movie, and his Erdos number is 4.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): MSB Associates, CEO and Board Member. MSB is a small (~5 person) "boutique" consultancy. (it operates more like a cooperative than a real company in that the corporate stockholders are all employees and former employees and we have to date passed earnings and costs through to the responsible employees.)

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Aside from general corporate management, i provide consulting services to clients, some of whom have used my services for > 10 years. My own practice has been in technology consulting and many aspects of security, particularly information and physical security and abuse, and related compliance areas.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None that I know of.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s)

Yes. I need to arrange with my larger clients prior to the time of remote SSAC meetings to take the time off or work remotely so to not cause them disruption. I am not sure if you consider this an "arrangement".


Doron Shikmoni

Doron Shikmoni is co-founder of ForeScout Technologies, Inc., a privately-held company providing Continuous Monitoring and Mitigation and Network Access Control solutions. He is co-founder and former president of ISOC-IL, the Israeli Internet Association, which, among other things, is the domain name registry for the .il ccTLD and founder and operator of IIX – the Israeli Internet Exchange.

Doron has been involved in systems security and networking for over 35 years. He has spent many years in the academic networking arena, and was one of the networking pioneers in Israel (BITNet/EARN, ARPAnet/Internet) since the early 1980s. In his public service, he directs the .il domain name registry and the Israeli Internet Exchange. He is also co-founder of the recently established IL-CERT – the Israeli CERT.

Shikmoni has been providing security and networking consulting for numerous government and private sector entities. He was the architect of the Israeli government's Internet operation and secure gateways, is instrumental in the Israeli eID scheme, and has been assisting the Ministry of Justice and the Knesset (parliament) in legislation (e.g. Electronic Signature Law) and various committees. He is a member of various committees in the SII – the Standards Institute of Israel.

Doron has been involved in the ICANN process and has been a member of SSAC since its inception.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): ForeScout Technologies, Inc. – Co-Founder; Director (day job); Israel Internet Association (ISOC-IL) – Co-Founder; Adviser to registry and IIX staff (informal, volunteer).
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: ForeScout – Executive management, BoD; ISOC-IL – Guidance / consultation relating to the .il ccTLD registry and the Israeli Internet Exchange.
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: None. ISOC-IL is the registry for the ccTLD for Israel. It makes an annual contribution to ICANN.

Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Tara Whalen

Tara Whalen is a Staff Privacy Engineer at Google. Tara previously worked as a Privacy Engineer at Apple, and as an IT Research Analyst at the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada. She conducted post-doctoral research in computer security at Carleton University, after receiving a PhD in computer science at Dalhousie University, and obtained a Master of Laws (Concentration in Law and Technology) from the University of Ottawa. Tara has 20 years of experience in the information security and privacy fields, including roles in research labs, academia, federal government institutions, and the private sector. She currently acts as co-chair for the Privacy Interest Group (PING) at the W3C.

Disclosure of Interest

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Google Inc., Staff Privacy Engineer

  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: Apply privacy expertise to reduce privacy risk in products and infrastructure. Resolve complex privacy decisions in multiple product areas, with a focus on engineering and product decisions. Coordinate with engineering, policy, legal, and communications teams on privacy matters. Develop and document policies, including guidance for engineering teams.

  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN: So far as I know, none apart from being an ICANN-accredited registrar.

  4. Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.


Suzanne Woolf

Suzanne Woolf is experienced in both the technical and policy aspects of the evolution of the Internet, particularly DNS and other network operations. She has held a variety of roles for the Internet Systems Consortium since 2002, currently including product management, strategic considerations for ISC's software and protocol development projects, and participation in Internet technical policy activities with ICANN, ARIN, and others.

As Technical operations manager for ICANN, Suzanne worked on the initial design and implementation of ICANN's internal network and providing operational support for ICANN's root nameserver. Earlier, she performed programming and systems administration for USC Information Sciences Institute. Her projects included programming and systems support, network engineering, and nameserver management.

Suzanne's current networking interests center on large scale infrastructure, DNSSEC deployment, promoting the operational use of IPv6, and IETF participation in related working groups such as DNSEXT and V6OPS. She is especially interested in securing the DNS and the global routing system, implications of the growing adoption of IPv6 in areas such as multi-homing, and global policy issues for the IP address registries to consider together.

Suzanne is a Member, ICANN Security and Stability Advisory Committee, Root Server System Advisory Committee, and ARIN Advisory Council; she actively participates in NANOG and IETF.

Board liaison terms end (subject to possible re-appointment) after the conclusion of ICANN's annual meeting each year. Suzanne has served as the Root Server System Advisory Committee Liaison since 2004.

Disclosure of Interest:

  1. Please identify your current employer(s) and position(s): Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) / DNSCo (Director, Strategic Partnerships); DNS-OARC (not exactly an employer, but I serve as a Director).
  2. Please identify the type(s) of work performed at #1 above: ISC is a not-for-profit whose mission is open source reference implementations of Internet infrastructure protocols such as DNS and DHCP, and other activities in support of the growth and usefulness of the global Internet. Its activities include open source software development, targeted Research & Development projects, operation of the F-root name server, and no-fee best-effort operation of DNS and web hosting services for non-profits. DNSCo is a private company owned in its entirety by ISC (above). It is a commercial provider of software support contracts, DNS hosting, consulting, training, and custom development to commercial clients. DNS-OARC is an independent non-profit membership organization that provides communication among, and information to, DNS operators of various sizes and types in regards to "operations, analysis, and research". I serve as a member of the Board of Directors of the organization and the manager of a contract between ISC and OARC for ISC to provide bookkeeping and other secretariat functions to OARC.
  3. Please list any financial or other material relationship beyond de minimus stock ownership that you or your employer has with any individual, company, or other entity that to your knowledge has a financial or other material relationship with ICANN.
  4. ICANN has, from time to time, funded ISC research projects. ISC has in the past held a contract with ICANN for software support services of BIND; there is no such contract currently.
  5. ISC and DNSCo customers include many participants in the ICANN community, both contracted parties and not. ISC and DNSCo services are provided on commercially standard terms, which under the ICANN Board of Directors disclosure guidelines do not therefore have to be fully disclosed (as such customers are not getting special treatment from ISC). ICANN is a member of DNS-OARC. DNS-OARC has performed various tasks under contract to ICANN, and has received donations of equipment and other in-kind support from ICANN. ISC donates some of my time to the community in the form of serving as the Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) liaison to the ICANN Board, so ICANN pays my expenses to attend ICANN meetings and occasionally for other travel related to that role.

Is your participation as an SSAC member the subject of any arrangements or agreements between you and any other group, constituency, or person(s)? Please answer "yes" or "no." If the answer is "yes," please describe the arrangements or agreements and the name of the group, constituency, or person(s): No.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."