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gTLDの予約名

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すべての翻訳されたコンテンツおよび文書の英語版が公式版であり、英語以外の言語の翻訳版は情報提供のみを目的として作成されたものです。

以下のファイルには、gTLDの a) 国際オリンピック委員会、b) 国際赤十字・赤新月運動、および c) 政府間組織のために予約されている名前が含まれます。予約済みラベルを含んだXMLファイルは、http://www.icann.org/sites/default/files/packages/reserved-names/ReservedNames.xml からダウンロードしていただけます。(これらの名前は、新gTLDレジストリ契約仕様5およびすべてのgTLDにおけるIGOおよびINGO識別子の保護ポリシーに従って予約されています。)特定カテゴリの予約名のリリースについては、下記のサブページをご覧ください。現時点ではすべての予約名がリリースの対象になっているわけではありません。

2文字のASCIIラベルのリリースに対する承認プロセス
国・地域名

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."