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Accountability and Transparency Review Team 1 (ATRT 1) Reports

December 2010

As prescribed by the Affirmation of Commitments, the Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT) now issues its final recommendations [PDF, 2.54 MB] for public comment.

العربية
[PDF, 1.58 MB]
Español
[PDF, 2.50 MB]
Français
[PDF, 1.16 MB]
Русский
[PDF, 1.95 MB]
中文
[PDF, 2.05 MB]

Under the AoC, resulting recommendations will be submitted for public comment and the Board will take action within six months of receipt of the recommendations. The community is now invited to participate in this comment forum by 14 February 2011 and to provide input on the final report via: http://www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/public-comment-feb11-en.htm#atrt-final

November 2010 The Accountability and Transparency Review Team (ATRT) issues a request for Public Comment on a set of draft proposed Recommendations [PDF, 897 KB] that it has developed as part of its review of ICANN's execution of its commitments to accountability and transparency under the Affirmation of Commitments (AoC).

العربية
[PDF, 88 KB]
Español
[PDF, 60 KB]
Français
[PDF, 60 KB]
Русский
[PDF, 88 KB]
中文
[PDF, 104 KB]

The ATRT considered the recommendations in the Berkman Center's Final Report [PDF, 3.92 MB] as it developed the draft proposed Recommendations that are being published for Public Comment. Translations of the Berkman Center Final Report are being prepared and will be promptly issued.

العربية
[PDF, 1.23 MB]
Español
[PDF, 1.71 MB]
Français
[PDF, 1.2 MB]
Русский
[PDF, 1.58 MB]
中文
[PDF, 1.84 MB]

The Public Comment period will be open for 30 days and will close on December 3, 2010.
July 2010 Ongoing community feedback: Public forum
Announcement
May 2010 Questions to the Community on Accountability and Transparency within ICANN – Public Comment (deadline extended to 14 July 2010)

العربية
[PDF, 88 KB]
Español
[PDF, 60 KB]
Français
[PDF, 60 KB]
Русский
[PDF, 88 KB]
中文
[PDF, 104 KB]
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."