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公告:2013 年《注册服务机构认证协议》(RAA) WHOIS 准确度规范相关说明

发布日期:2015 年 11 月 16 日

在对 2013 年《注册服务机构认证协议》WHOIS 准确度项目规范(以下简称"规范")进行审核期间,ICANN 和注册服务机构利益相关方团体一致认为,对规范中的术语加以说明或定义将大有裨益。本公告旨在提供这些说明和定义,具体内容见下文:

  1. 规范中出现的"验证"(英文为 "validate" 和 "validation")一词是指注册服务机构确认数据格式符合规范第 1(a) 至 1(e) 节所述标准的流程。
  2. 规范中出现的"确认"(英文为 "verify" 和 " verification")一词是指注册服务机构按照规范第 1(f) 节中所述,通过与相关联系人进行联系并收到肯定性答复来确认或更正数据准确度的流程。
  3. 为避免疑义,特此说明,当注册域名只是因为注册续延而续费时,注册服务机构无需验证或确认注册域名持有人(或在其他情况下为帐户持有人)。(如果联系信息发生实质性变更,或者存在其他需要进行验证或确认的情况,例如规范的第 4 节中所指的情况,那么注册服务机构必须执行要求的操作。)
  4. 如果要将域名注册转让给转入注册服务机构,并且在转让过程中,转入注册服务机构通过符合规范第 1(f)(i) 节确认要求的方式,收到来自注册域名持有人或帐户持有人的授权表单,表示同意转让,那么转入注册服务机构在联系数据未发生实质性变更的情况下,无需对联系数据重复实施确认流程。
  5. 当 ICANN 将 WHOIS 相关投诉作为"数据格式"问题(与"数据准确度"问题相对)进行处理时,注册服务机构不负责验证或确认 WHOIS 信息。例如,"数据格式"问题包括电话号码缺少国家和地区代码(电话号码只包含在该国家和地区拨打的相应数字号码),或者电子邮件地址写为"(at)"而不是"@"。在这些情况下,注册服务机构需要更正数据格式问题,但无需联系注册域名持有人以确认格式更正事宜。
  6. 为避免疑义,特此说明,注册服务机构可以按照规范第 1、2、4 和 5 节的要求,聘用第三方(例如,分销商)执行数据验证和确认,但注册服务机构作为 RAA 的签署者,将最终负责确保符合规范要求。
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."