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ICANN 是依据 ICANN 隐私政策使用 Cookie 的第一方网站。下文列出了 上使用的第一方和第三方 Cookie。无论是第一方还是第三方 Cookie,均尊重不存储 Cookie 的个人浏览器设置。

第一方 Cookie

我们在 设置了下列 Cookie:

  • _new_icann_session — 此会话 Cookie 为满足基本安全要求和确保网站正常运行所需。它还用于保存已登录用户的偏好设置和自定义状态。
  • saw_cookie_notification — 此自定义 Cookie 会在用户清除 Cookie 通知后设置,用于避免确认过的弹窗消息再次显示。

上述两个 Cookie 均尊重不存储 Cookie 的个人浏览器设置。使用不接受 Cookie 的浏览器时,访客将无法登录个人配置文件、评论博文,也无法根据兴趣爱好定制新闻消息。

第三方 Cookie

访问 的用户可能还会启用以下第三方设置的其他 Cookie:

Google Analytics 是一款衡量网站表现和访客活动的工具。与 Google Analytics 相关的 Cookie 如下:

  • _ga — 此 Cookie 用于区分独立用户、会话和匿名浏览数据,以便进行分析报告
  • _gat — 此 Cookie 用于提升网站表现和限制高流量网站的数据收集

Google Analytics 的 Cookie 均尊重不存储 Cookie 的个人浏览器设置。

AddThis 是一款社交分享网络挂件,允许访客将内容分享到多个社交和分享平台。与 AddThis 相关的 Cookie 如下:

  • __atuvc — 此 Cookie 用于记录和更新启用了分享功能的页面的分享计数
  • __atuvs — 此 Cookie 用于支持分享功能
  • AddThis 可能还设置了其他 Cookie,例如 sshs、ssh、ssc、uvc 或 uid,以支持分享功能、记录分享活动和优化分享设置。详情请访问 AddThis 隐私政策

AddThis 的 Cookie 均尊重不存储 Cookie 的个人浏览器设置。使用不接受 Cookie 的浏览器时,访客将无法在提供 AddThis 分享功能的页面进行分享操作。

源于第三方网站(例如 YouTube 和 SoundCloud)的任何嵌入多媒体也可能设置 Cookie。


Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."