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隐私和代理服务提供商提供允许客户无需在注册数据目录服务 (RDDS) 中公开自己的联系信息即可注册域名的服务。

隐私服务允许客户以注册域名的持有人的身份注册域名(意味着客户的姓名将出现在 WHOIS 中的“注册人姓名”字段中)。或者,以服务提供商发布的可靠联系信息(例如邮件转发电子邮件地址)来替代客户的个人联系信息。

代理服务允许客户无需在公共 WHOIS 中显示任何信息即可使用域名。代理服务提供商是登记在册的注册人(注册域名的持有者),并提供替代性的可靠联系信息。此类服务与隐私服务在法律上是截然不同的,因为代理服务提供商是注册域名持有者(因此对域名拥有某些法定权利和责任)。代理服务提供商通过与客户签订协议来授予后者域名的使用权。

2013 RAA

2013 RAA 要求附属于 ICANN 认证注册服务机构的隐私和代理服务提供商:

  • 在提供商和/或注册服务机构的网站上披露服务条款(包括价格在内)并加以遵守;
  • 发布联络点的滥用/侵权情况;
  • 在提供商和/或注册服务机构的网站上披露业务联系信息;并且
  • 在其网站和/或注册服务机构的网站上发布服务条款以及流程说明(例如滥用或商标侵权报告的处理、通讯处理、终止服务的条件、WHOIS 数据发布的条件以及支持服务的访问权限),并加以遵守。


新的 ICANN 隐私和代理服务提供商认证项目

根据通过多利益相关方政策制定流程制定的政策建议 [PDF, 719 KB],ICANN 组织正在实施一项新的隐私和代理服务提供商认证项目。一旦该项目完全实施,ICANN 组织认证注册服务机构不会有意接受来自未经过 ICANN 组织认证的实体之涉及隐私和/或代理服务的注册。

如果您想要提交关于隐私和代理服务提供商认证项目的疑问,请联系 ICANN 组织的全球支持中心

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."