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ICANN Ombudsman

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Welcome to the home page of the ICANN Ombudsman!

Office of the ICANN Ombudsman: Creating Dialogue. Affirming Fairness.

ICANN调查员具有独立、公正和中立的性质,其作用是在ICANN团体成员希望对员工或董事会的决策、行动或无行动提出申诉时承担替代性纠纷解决方法(ADR)官员的职能。该办公室旨在确保ICANN团体成员获得公平待遇。调查员将维护公正,采用ADR技巧尝试解决针对ICANN不公平待遇提出的申诉。

调查员的裁决权

ICANN 调查员将受理有关以下情形的申诉,并行使裁决权:

  • 一名或多名ICANN员工的决定、行动或无行动;
  • 可能与公司条例或公司章程不一致的董事会决定、行动或无行动。

调查员无权对涉及以下情形的申诉行使裁决权:

  • 内部行政事务;
  • 个人问题;
  • 与董事会会员身份相关的问题;或
  • 与经销商/供应商关系相关的问题。

调查员的权利

调查员无权制定、修订或取消某项政策、行政或董事会决定、行动或疏忽。调查员有权对上述事件进行调查,并使用ADR技巧解决问题。

 

年度报告

调查员组织结构

在线争端解决 实施标准

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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."