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Protection of International Olympic Committee (IOC) / Red Cross Names (RCRC) Drafting Team – Recommendations

Comment/Reply Periods (*) Important Information Links
Comment Open: 28 September 2012
Comment Close: 19 October 2012
Close Time (UTC): 23:59 UTC Public Comment Announcement
Reply Open: 20 October 2012 To Submit Your Comments (Forum Closed)
Reply Close: 9 November 2012 View Comments Submitted
Close Time (UTC): 23:59 UTC Report of Public Comments
Brief Overview
Originating Organization: GNSO
  • Top-Level Domains
  • Second-Level Domains
  • Policy Process
  • Intellectual Property
Purpose (Brief): The IOC/RCRC Drafting Team (DT) requests community comment on the latest recommendations created for second level protections of names relating to the International Olympic Committee and the Red Cross/Red Crescent.
Current Status: Open for Public Comment
Next Steps: The Drafting Team's recommendations will be updated to reflect community feedback submitted through this forum and via final agreement of the Drafting Team members. Final recommendations will then be presented to the GNSO Council for its consideration.
Staff Contact: Brian Peck, Margie Milam Email:
Detailed Information
Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose

As a result of IOC/RCRC being granted top level protections for the first round of the new gTLD program, the IOC/RCRC Drafting Team was further tasked to consider whether the same protections should be afforded at the second level prior to the first delegation of a new gTLD. Since the beginning of 2012, the IOC/RCRC Drafting Team (DT) has deliberated about possible second level protections and how to respond to the GAC's request for protections. The DT now submits the recommendations formulated by the DT and makes them available for public comment before final submission to the GNSO Council.

Note from the IOC/RCRC Drafting Team Chair:
These recommendations are being posted at the request of the Drafting Team. Although some members of the Drafting Team believe that a PDP is not necessary at this time to grant second level protections for the IOC/RCRC, a consensus of the DT does in fact agree that a PDP represents an appropriate compromise on this issue. With respect to the Recommendations #2 and #3 (temporary protection at second level), there is strong support amongst the Drafting Team for those recommendations with opposition from the Non-commercial Stakeholder Group and Thomas Rickert. A copy of statements from certain constituencies, stakeholder groups, and/or individuals is attached as appendices to the recommendations.

Section II: Background

The ICANN Board had requested policy advice from the GNSO Council and the GAC on whether special protections should be afforded to the RCRC, IOC and/or IGOs. Specifically, in its Singapore resolution, the Board authorized the President and CEO to implement the New gTLD Program "which includes the following elements: "the 30 May 2011 version of the Applicant Guidebook, subject to the revisions agreed to with the GAC on 19 June 2011, including: ...(b) incorporation of text concerning protection for specific requested Red Cross and IOC names for the top level only during the initial application round, until the GNSO and GAC develop policy advice based on the global public interest....."

During September 2011, the GAC also sent advice to the GNSO with a proposal for granting second level protections based upon the protections afforded to IOC/RCRC at the first level. In the same month, section was added to the latest version of the new gTLD Applicant Guidebook dated 19 September 2011.

As a result of the GAC proposal submitted to the GNSO, the GNSO Council created a call for volunteers to form a drafting team about creating a response to the GAC. The IOC/RCRC Drafting Team was formed has since created a set of recommendations for protecting the IOC/RCRC names at the second level and includes an outline for a response to the GAC from the GNSO. The Drafting Team now wishes to solicit feedback from the community prior to submission of the recommendations to the GNSO Council.

See the IOC/RCRC Drafting Team page for more detail at:

Section III: Document and Resource Links
IOC/RCRC Drafting Team Recommendations Report [PDF, 152 KB]
Section IV: Additional Information
Final GNSO Issue Report on the Protection of International Organization Names in New gTLDs [PDF, 675 KB]

(*) Comments submitted after the posted Close Date/Time are not guaranteed to be considered in any final summary, analysis, reporting, or decision-making that takes place once this period lapses.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."