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操作指南

注:所有语种版本中,英文版为官方版本,其他语种版本仅供参考.

ICANN 组织提供了很多资源来帮助注册管理运行机构完成各种流程,将已批准的注册管理机构服务的最新信息通知给 ICANN,下面列出了其中一些服务。请访问以下页面,了解有关这些资源的最新信息:

  • 转让:主要分包办法 (MSA) - 更改主要分包办法指的是对任何后端注册管理运行机构(又称为“后端服务提供商”或“注册管理机构服务提供商”)进行更改,此更改由与注册管理运行机构签署合同的组织根据注册管理机构移交流程来完成,以运行通用顶级域注册管理机构的一个或多个关键职能,包括服务提供商,例如,DNS 提供商。
  • 转让:注册管理运行机构控制变更 - 直接或间接变更所控制的注册管理运行机构是在《注册管理机构协议》中明确规定的一种转让类型。可能包括变更注册管理运行机构,或变更控制注册管理运行机构的个人或实体。
  • 社群 gTLD 变更请求 - 社群 gTLD 变更请求流程允许社群 gTLD 注册管理运行机构请求对规范 12 做出修改,但修改不得删除社群注册政策,过度增加或减少注册人资格和/或名称选择方面的要求,或者对顶级域社群造成重大的负面影响。
  • 持续经营方案 (COI) 修正服务 - COI 可确保提供充足的财政资源,以支持持续经营与顶级域有关的重要注册管理机构职能。根据《注册管理机构基本协议》中的规范 8,注册管理运行机构应建立 COI,以便能够在规范 8 第 1 节中定义的确定时间段内,为履行规范 10 第 6 节中规定的 5 项重要注册管理机构职能提供充足的财政资源。
  • 注册管理运行机构名称变更 - 如果注册管理运行机构变更其组织的名称,但变更的原因不是由于控制更改,那么,注册管理运行机构需要使用注册管理运行机构名称更改服务将名称变更事宜通知给 ICANN 组织。
  • RSEP 流程 - ICANN 组织评估拟定通用顶级域 (gTLD) 注册管理机构服务或合同修改中是否存在安全性、稳定性或竞争问题的流程。
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."