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Introduction of New Top-Level Domains

Open: 10 August 07
Closed: 30 August 07

Explanation:The introduction of new top-level domains is a core element of ICANN’s mission. The policies which have emerged from the policy development process are central to establishing an open and transparent system for the introduction of new top-level domains.

The draft final report comes in two parts. Part A and Part B.

The public comment period is an opportunity for interested stakeholders to provide commentary on the GNSO’s package of policy recommendations. As a guide, comments that address the following questions would be most useful.

1. Do you have any general comments about the package of principles, proposed policy recommendations and implementation guidelines?
2. Do you have any comments on the selection criteria for new top-level domains (Recommendations 2-9, 20)?
3. Do you have any comments on contractual conditions for new TLD operators (Recommendations 10, 14-19)?
4. Do you have any further comments about any other aspect of the introduction of new top-level domains?

Announcement | Comments | Summary/analysis of comments

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."