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注册管理运行机构控制权的直接或间接变更是注册管理机构协议中确定的一种转让类型,被称为"控制权变更"转让。有关控制权变更转让(在 上也称为"拥有拟议继任方的注册管理机构移交流程")的更多信息,请访问注册管理机构移交流程网页

如果某个注册管理运行机构正在计划实施控制权变更和实质性转包协议,该注册管理运行机构应开始与 ICANN 合作,且合作应尽早开始并在交易完成之前进行。注意:只有当前已签约的注册管理运行机构才可正式申请变更注册管理运行机构的控制权。但是,我们积极鼓励现有和拟议的注册管理运行机构与 ICANN 协同合作,处理转让事务。

注意,评估控制权变更转让时,ICANN 可能将拟议的注册管理运行机构转至外部评估专家组,以开展独立审核和分析。如果 ICANN 判定需要开展外部评估,注册管理运行机构应根据专家组提出的任何信息请求积极配合其工作。注册管理运行机构应负责支付由此产生的费用。


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Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."