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.name Registry Agreement Appendix 6

Schedule of Reserved Names

(1 December 2012)

Except to the extent that ICANN otherwise expressly authorizes in writing, the Registry Operator shall reserve names formed with the following labels from initial (i.e. other than renewal) registration within the TLD:

A. Labels Reserved at All Levels. The following names shall be reserved at the second level and at all other levels within the TLD at which Registry Operator makes registrations:

ICANN-related names:

  • aso
  • gnso
  • icann
  • internic
  • ccnso

IANA-related names:

  • afrinic
  • apnic
  • arin
  • example
  • gtld-servers
  • iab
  • iana
  • iana-servers
  • iesg
  • ietf
  • irtf
  • istf
  • lacnic
  • latnic
  • rfc-editor
  • ripe
  • root-servers

B. Additional Second-Level Reservations. In addition, and subject to the provisions of Appendix 9, the following names shall be reserved at the second level:

  • All single-character labels.
  • All two-character labels shall be shared at the second-level and maintained by the Registry Operator. Two-character names shall be released by the Registry Operator for third-level registrations and SLD email addresses only. The reservation of a two-character label string shall be released to the extent that the Registry Operator reaches agreement with the government and country-code manager, or the ISO 3166 maintenance agency, whichever appropriate. The Registry Operator may also propose release of these reservations based on its implementation of measures to avoid confusion with the corresponding country codes.

C. Tagged Domain Names. All labels with hyphens in the third and fourth character positions (e.g., "bq--1k2n4h4b" or "xn--ndk061n").

D. Second-Level Reservations for Registry Operations. The following names are reserved for use in connection with the operation of the registry for the Registry TLD. Registry Operator may use them, but upon conclusion of Registry Operator's designation as operator of the registry for the Registry TLD they shall be transferred as specified by ICANN:

  • nic
  • whois
  • www

E. Third-Level Reservations for Registry Operations. The following names are reserved for use in connection with the operation of the registry for the Registry TLD:

  1. dir
  2. directory
  3. email
  4. genealogy
  5. http
  6. mail
  7. mx
  8. mx[followed by a number from 0 to 100] ([0-10] and [11-100])
  9. ns
  10. ns[followed by a number from 0 to 100] ([0-10] and [11-100])
  11. wap
  12. www
  13. www[followed by a number from 0 to 100] ([0-10] and [11-100])
  14. administrator
  15. hostmaster
  16. postmaster
  17. complaints
  18. mailer-daemon
  19. abuse
  20. root
  21. webmaster
  22. infomaster

F. Names transferred together with the registry database in the event of reassignment


G. Names staying with Registry Operator in the event of reassignment

employee names - Registry Operator will register the versions of all current employees' names, provided no more than 1000 such names are under registration at any time. These names can be transferred to an ICANN Accredited Registrar by the employee.


If the corporate identity of Registry Operator is changed, Appendix 6 will be amended to incorporate second level domain variations on the new identity.

H. Patterns of names staying with Registry in the event of reassignment:

Whenever any Registered Name is registered (e.g., or, the following domains will be delegated directly to Registry Operator:

  1. <second level domain>.name
  2. directory.<second level domain>.name
  3. www.<second level domain>.name

In each of the foregoing examples, "<second level domain>" is the corresponding second level of the Registered Name.

I. Registry Common Name reservations

The Registry will from time to time use names gathered from name statistics in a series of countries around the world to reserve names on the 2nd level. Names from these lists will be reserved on the 2nd level and made available only for 3rd level registrations.

J. Post-fix Reservations

The Registry has reserved all 2nd level names ending in a particular set of strings. Such names are reserved on the second level by default, and only 3rd level registrations are allowed on such 2nd levels. The following post-fix strings are reserved:

Post-fix (English version) Post-fix (Translated version) Language
Family -familie Dutch
Family -family English
Family -perhe Finnish
Family -famille French
Family -familie German
Family -parivaar Hindi
Family -keluarga Indonesian
Family -famiglia Italian
Family -angkan Philipino
Family -rodzina Polish
Family -familia Portugués
Family -familie Scandinavian
Family -familia Spanish
Family -mischpoche Yiddish
Family -umdeni Zulu

As an example, the reservation of these post-fix strings means that all second level names ending in e.g. "-parivaar", for example "patel-parivaar" are reserved on the second level for third level registrations only.

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."