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按以下协议和政策管理注册服务商与 ICANN、gTLD 注册管理机构运营商、注册域名持有者和分销商之间的关系:

  • 注册服务商委任协议 (RAA):此协议是 ICANN 与注册服务商之间达成的合约,用于管理 ICANN 与受委任的注册服务商之间的关系,同时也是维持委任的条款和条件。
  • 注册管理机构-注册服务商协议:对于每个提供给客户的 gTLD,必须与相关注册管理机构签署协议。具体的协议内容依具体注册管理机构而定。请直接联系注册管理机构,了解详细信息。
  • 注册服务商-注册人协议:注册服务商应要求所有注册域名持有者与其签订电子或书面注册协议。此协议必须遵守 RAA 中规定的所有义务和要求。
  • 分销商协议(如果适用):注册服务商与服务分销商之间签订的协议内容中必须包括 RAA 条款和共识性政策,并遵守所有现行的 RAA 义务。
  • 共识性政策:ICANN 与受委任注册服务商及 gTLD 注册管理机构运营商之间的协议必须遵守各种特别声明的程序,并遵守与利益主体群体协商制定的“共识性政策”。
  • 数据托管协议:依照注册服务商委任协议 (RAA) 中的数据托管条款规定,所有 ICANN 委任的注册服务商都必须定期向 ICANN 指定的托管机构或获注册服务商和 ICANN 同时认可的声誉良好的托管机构提交某些 gTLD 注册数据的副本。数据应根据注册服务商、ICANN 和 ICANN 批准的数据托管服务供应商三方的协议妥善保管。注册服务商一旦开始注册域名,便负有保存数据的义务。
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as"""" is not an IDN."