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公告:关于托管注册服务机构滥用行为联系信息的注册管理运行机构指南

注:所有语种版本中,英文版为官方版本,其他语种版本仅供参考.

2024 年 4 月 18 日版

本公告旨在就注册数据政策第 8.4.8 和 8.4.9 节所述数据元素的托管要求向注册管理运行机构提供指导。

定义:

本文中的关键字“必须”(MUST)、“不得”(MUST NOT)、“要求”(REQUIRED)、“应该”(SHALL/SHOULD)、“不应”(SHALL NOT/SHOULD NOT)、“建议”(RECOMMENDED)、“不建议”(NOT RECOMMENDED)、“可以”(MAY) 和“可选”(OPTIONAL),当且仅当它们以此处所示的全大写形式出现时,应按照 BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] 中的说明进行解释。

背景介绍

根据注册数据政策第 8.4.8 和 8.4.9 节,注册管理运行机构必须托管以下数据元素:

  • 8.4.8. 注册服务机构滥用行为联系电子邮件
  • 8.4.9. 注册服务机构滥用行为联系电话

根据 gTLD 注册管理机构基本协议第 3.1 节规范 2,必须使用 RFC8909RFC9022 作为寄存格式。

RFC9022 没有注册服务机构滥用行为联系电子邮件或注册服务机构滥用行为联系电话对应的专用字段,但有两个通用字段可用于满足注册数据政策第 8.4.8 和 8.4.9 节的要求。

注册服务机构滥用行为联系信息托管计划:

为了满足注册数据政策第 8.4.8 和 8.4.9 节的要求,注册管理运行机构需要采取以下行动: 

  1. 注册管理运行机构必须在 RFC9022 第 5.4.1.1 节所述的 <email> 元素或 RFC9022 第 5.4.2.1.1 节所述的 <csvContact:fEmail> 元素中托管数据元素“注册服务机构滥用行为联系电子邮件”。
  2. 注册管理运行机构必须在 RFC9022 第 5.4.1.1 节所述的 <voice> 元素或 RFC9022 第 5.4.2.1.1 节所述的 <csvContact:fVoice> 和/或 <csvContact:fVoiceExt> 元素中托管数据元素“注册服务机构滥用行为联系电话”。
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."