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如何成为一名注册服务机构

成为一名 ICANN 认证注册服务机构包括多个步骤。以下针对这些步骤的摘要旨在帮您了解这一流程。

  1. 请查看注册服务机构认证政策声明中规定的合格标准。
  2. 请查看成为一名 ICANN 认证注册服务机构时适用的财务要求
  3. 请查看适用于每位 ICANN 认证注册服务机构的治理协议和政策
  4. 申请成为认证注册服务机构。申请时,您必须首先填写一份 ICANN 注册服务机构认证申请 [DOCX, 100 KB]。为了帮助我们尽快处理您的申请,请填写详尽具体的答案,并提供所有必要的支持文件。申请被延迟的主要原因包括:缺少支持文件、针对申请问题的答复不完整或不清晰。若您对申请存有疑问,请将您的问题发送至:accredit@icann.org
  5. ICANN 在对您的申请完成审核,且执行了任何必要的跟踪问讯和调查后,将通过电子邮件告知您针对您的认证申请所做出的决定。

如果您提交的认证申请已获批准,则您必须完成以下其他步骤:

  1. 与 ICANN 签署一份《注册服务机构认证协议 (Registrar Accreditation Agreement, RAA)》并支付认证费用。当前的协议版本是 ICANN 与所有注册服务机构签署的一份标准文件。目前,ICANN 的认证有效期为 5 年。(ICANN 将生成并向您发送一份协议,并附上年度认证固定费用的发票。)
  2. 与一家 ICANN 指定的注册服务机构数据托管代理商,或(自费)选择与一家已经 由ICANN 批准的注册服务机构数据托管代理商签署一份《注册服务机构数据托管协议 (Registrar Data Escrow Agreement, RDE协议)》。根据《RAA》的第 3.6 段,所有 ICANN 认证注册服务机构必须存储某些通用顶级域 (gTLD) 的注册信息。ICANN 注册服务机构认证流程中最后的步骤即:与 ICANN 一起同时执行《RAA》和《RDE协议》。
  3. 一旦您呈交了已经签署的《RAA》和《RDE》协议,且缴纳了认证费后,ICANN 将通知适用您的认证的注册管理机构,并将贵机构添加至注册服务机构清单之中:https://www.icann.org/registrar-reports/accredited-list.htmlhttp://www.internic.net/regist.html。您应当与注册管理运行机构一起解决有关合同、财务和技术详情等问题。
  4. 完成您在成为注册域名持有人时所需签署的注册协议的筹备工作。ICANN《注册服务机构认证协议》要求在注册协议中需要纳入某些具体条款。此外,ICANN 还通过了《统一域名争议解决政策 (Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy)》,且要求所有认证注册服务机构均需遵守这项政策。您可能还希望实施一套隐私政策 (Privacy Policy),确保您能达到认证协议的要求。
  5. 开始提供服务。完成上述步骤之后,您在通过了适用您的认证的注册管理机构的测试流程并获批启动运营后,即可开始提供您的服务。
  6. 注册服务机构认证申请流程的援助

    如果您在提交 ICANN 注册服务机构认证申请时需要获得帮助,或针对成为一名 ICANN 认证注册服务机构存有一般性的疑问,请将您的问题通过电子邮件的形式发送至:accredit@icann.org

Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."