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Resources

2003 Board Meetings

 

19 December 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

- Preliminary Report -

31 October 2003
Regular Meeting of the Board
Carthage, Tunisia

Background Papers Board Resolutions
Organizational Meeting
Real-Time Captioning
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13 October 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Paper Preliminary Report Minutes

12 September 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

- Preliminary Report Minutes

9 September 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

- Preliminary Report Minutes

19 August 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

8 August 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

23 July 2003
Special meeting of the board by telephone

Preliminary Report Minutes

26 June 2003 (Montréal)
Regular Meeting of the Board

Planning Details Preliminary Report
Real-Time Captioning
Minutes

16 June 2003
Secretary's Notice (Nominating Committee Appointments)

Secretary's Notice

16 June 2003
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report -

2 June 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

26 May 2003
Secretary's Notice (GNSO Selection of Alejandro Pisanty to Seat 13 of Board)

Secretary's Notice

6 May 2003
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

25 April 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

18 April 2003
Secretary's Notice (GNSO Selection of Michael Palage to Seat 14 of Board)

Secretary's Notice

27 March 2003 (Rio de Janeiro)
Regular Meeting of the Board

Planning Details Preliminary Report
Real-Time Captioning
Minutes

18 March 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

12 March 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

25 February 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

19 February 2003
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

4 February 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

29 January 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

23 January 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

20 January 2003
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."