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Resources

2002 Board Meetings

 

24 December 2002
Secretary's Notice (At-Large Directors Electing to Serve on the Transition Board)

Secretary's Notice

15 December 2002 (Amsterdam)
Organizational Meeting of the Transition Board

Preliminary Report
Captioning
Minutes

15 December 2002
Fourth Annual Meeting of the Board (Amsterdam)

Planning Details Preliminary Report
Captioning
Minutes

2 December 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

18 November 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

31 October 2002
Regular Meeting of the Board (Shanghai)

Planning Details Preliminary Report
Captioning
Minutes

14 October 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

17 September 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

23 August 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Paper Preliminary Report Minutes

13 August 2002
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

19 July 2002
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

28 June 2002
Regular Meeting of the Board (Bucharest)

Planning Details Preliminary Report
Captioning
Minutes

13 June 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

13 May 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes

22 April 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

17 April 2002
Secretary's Notice (Resignation of Phil Davidson)

Secretary's Notice

26 March 2002
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

14 March 2002
Regular Meeting of the Board (Accra)

Planning Details

Preliminary Report
Captioning-Morning
Captioning-Afternoon

Minutes

12 February 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Background Papers Preliminary Report Minutes

31 January 2002
Meeting of the Executive Committee

Preliminary Report Minutes

21 January 2002
Special Meeting of the Board

Preliminary Report Minutes
Domain Name System
Internationalized Domain Name ,IDN,"IDNs are domain names that include characters used in the local representation of languages that are not written with the twenty-six letters of the basic Latin alphabet ""a-z"". An IDN can contain Latin letters with diacritical marks, as required by many European languages, or may consist of characters from non-Latin scripts such as Arabic or Chinese. Many languages also use other types of digits than the European ""0-9"". The basic Latin alphabet together with the European-Arabic digits are, for the purpose of domain names, termed ""ASCII characters"" (ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange). These are also included in the broader range of ""Unicode characters"" that provides the basis for IDNs. The ""hostname rule"" requires that all domain names of the type under consideration here are stored in the DNS using only the ASCII characters listed above, with the one further addition of the hyphen ""-"". The Unicode form of an IDN therefore requires special encoding before it is entered into the DNS. The following terminology is used when distinguishing between these forms: A domain name consists of a series of ""labels"" (separated by ""dots""). The ASCII form of an IDN label is termed an ""A-label"". All operations defined in the DNS protocol use A-labels exclusively. The Unicode form, which a user expects to be displayed, is termed a ""U-label"". The difference may be illustrated with the Hindi word for ""test"" — परीका — appearing here as a U-label would (in the Devanagari script). A special form of ""ASCII compatible encoding"" (abbreviated ACE) is applied to this to produce the corresponding A-label: xn--11b5bs1di. A domain name that only includes ASCII letters, digits, and hyphens is termed an ""LDH label"". Although the definitions of A-labels and LDH-labels overlap, a name consisting exclusively of LDH labels, such as""icann.org"" is not an IDN."